Current Pediatric Research

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Research Article - Current Pediatric Research (2021) Volume 25, Issue 3

Study of blood levels of Lactate, vitamin D and nucleated red blood cells for early prediction of Hypoxicâ??Ischemic encephalopathy: A case-control study.

Objective and background: Perinatal asphyxia is a serious medical condition in which there is a lack of oxygen or blood flow during, or even after the labor process. So this study aimed to study serum blood levels of Lactate, vitamin D and count of Nucleated Red Blood Cells (NRBCs) per 100 White Blood Cells (WBCs) as early biological predictors of Hypoxic–Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) after birth Asphyxia. Methods: A case-control study was conducted on 20 neonates with HIE comprising the cases (APGAR ≤ 5) and another 20 neonates representing the control group with their age, sex, and weight matched, admitted to NICU from March 2020 to the end of September 2020 at Menoufia University Hospital and El-Bagour Central Hospital, Egypt. Venous blood samples for lactate, vitamin D and nucleated RBCs were drawn after birth and sent for analysis. Sarnat score was used to assess the severity of HIE. Results: Venous blood levels of lactate and Nucleated Red Blood Cells per 100 White Blood Cells (NRBC/100 WBC) counts were significantly higher in HIE neonates than in the control group with a highly significant difference (P-value <0.001). While serum Vitamin D was significantly lower in the HIE group than in the control (P-value <0.001). Conclusion: Serum lactate level, vitamin D level and NRBCs/100 WBCs might be used as biomarkers in the early prediction of HIE.

Author(s): Ahmed Hosni Saad*, Ahmed Thabet Mahmoud, Mohamed Abdelrehem Soliman, Alyaa Ahdy, Abdelaziz

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