Research Article - Journal of Biotechnology and Phytochemistry (2021) Volume 5, Issue 3
Phytochemical analysis and laxative activity of the stem bark of baccaurea ramiflora lour.
As per the Indian traditional system of medicine, Baccaurea ramiflora stem bark is used for the treatment of constipation. However, no studies have explored the laxative effects of aqueous extract (juice) of baccaurea ramiflora stem bark which may be due to the lack of availability of this indigenous wild edible plant. The present study was undertaken to investigate the phytochemical constituents and the laxative activity of the stem bark of baccaurea ramiflora. Fresh stem barks of baccaurea ramiflora were collected, dried, extracted with water and subjected to phytochemical screening to investigate the primary and secondary metabolites viz. carbohydrates, alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, phenols, terpenoids, flavonoids, proteins, fixed oils, gums and mucilage. The aqueous extract of the stem bark of baccaurea ramiflora at doses (200 and 400 mg/kg, p.o) were screened for the laxative activity. The laxative activity was determined by the weight of faeces matter at 8th and 16th h. The results were compared with standard Senna extract.Author(s): Antara Choudhury*, NJ Patel, Nikunjana A Patel