Journal of Biotechnology and Phytochemistry

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Research Article - Journal of Biotechnology and Phytochemistry (2022) Volume 6, Issue 4

Phytochemical analysis and anti inflammatory activity in aqueous and hydro ethanolic extract of Morinda citrifolia leaves.

The Morinda citrifolia commonly called as Indian noni or Indian mulberry or Manjanathi is widely known for its therapeutic effect. Manjanathi belongs to the family Rubiaceae. It contains minerals such as selenium and zinc. In this study, we made an attempt to investigate phyto compounds and anti-inflammatory activity in aqueous and hydroethanolic extract of fresh leaves of the manjanathi (Morinda citrifolia). Leaves were extracts by the standard  protocol. The fresh leaves were shade dried and extracted with water and hydroethanol. The aqueous extract showed positive results for alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, saponin, carbohydrates and reducing sugar, phlobatanins and quinone. Whereas the hydroethanol extract showed the presence of alkaloids, tannin, terpenoids, carbohydrates, cardiac glycosides and reducing sugar. The M. citrifolia plant extract contains the increased anti inflammatory activity in the concentration of 50 µl the aqueous and hydroethanolic extract shows the maximum range is 87.26 and 97.36. It can be concluded that although the bioactive components responsible for the therapeutic effect are extracted in the polar and organic extracts. However further characterization is required to elucidate the mechanism of therapeutic action.

Author(s): D Chandra Prabha*, Nivetha V

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