Research Article - Journal of Food Science and Nutrition (2021) Volume 4, Issue 3
Feeding practices and dietary intakes of children aged 0-59 months in Transmara east sub-county, Narok county.
Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential for growth, development and good health of each child. Exclusive breastfeeding, timely introduction of complementary food, feeding frequency and dietary diversity are among the core infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices that if undertaken appropriately, results to a well nourished child. Past research on the topic of infant feeding and dietary intakes in Trans-Mara East Sub-County is limiting. This study assessed infant feeding practices and dietary intakes of children aged 0-59 months among in Trans-Mara East SubCounty. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in four randomly selected villages within Oloolmasani and Mogondo wards of Trans-Mara East Sub-County. A total of 211 care-givers, who had children aged 6-59 months, were interviewed. SPSS computer package was used for data entry and analysis. Only one in every ten babies (10.4%) had breastfeeding initiated within the first 30 minutes after delivery while about one in every a hundred babies having breastfeeding delayed for as much as 24 hour. Exclusive breastfeeding was very low at almost one child in every a hundred (9.5%). Among the food given to children were herbs, milk, porridge and water. About three quarters (73%) of these children fed four times or more a day, a quarter (25.1%) fed thrice a day while the rest (1.9%) fed less twice or once a day. The mean number of scores for the food groups consumed by children was 4.91±1.9. Children consumed between 2 and 9 food groups with majority consuming 4 and 5 out of the 14 food groups while 10 % consumed 2 food groups and 2.8% consumed 9 food groups Majority of children (49.3%) had a low dietary diversity score of less than four food groups while 36.5% had a medium dietary diversity score of 4-7 food groups. A smaller percentage of 13.7 had a high dietary diversity score of 8-12 food groups. The commonly consumed food groups were cereals based products (80.1%), followed by and milk and milk products (74.1%). The least consumed food group is fish (4.3 %).There was no significant difference (p=.189) in the food groups consumed by various age groupsAuthor(s): Chepkwony MC, Abong GO, Ngala S