Research Article - Current Pediatric Research (2019) Volume 23, Issue 1
Influence of selected perinatal factors on differentiation of anthropometric parameters in group of preterm children assessed at ages 5-8 years.
Background: In Poland, like in other developed countries, 6.3% babies are born prematurely. Preterm babies suffer from numerous health issues. The aim of this study was to determine whether such factors as being born from the first or subsequent pregnancy, single- or multifetal pregnancy, term and way of delivery, Apgar score at fifth minute of life and birth weight influence value of anthropometric parameters in preterm children at the late preschool age.
Method and materials: The study population consisted of 61 children, five to eight years old, who had been preterm born. The study was conducted in the years 2015-2016. The anthropometric measurements were taken according to international anthropometric methodology. We included the following anthropometric parametres: weight, height, chest circumference, BMI, Rohrer’s Index, Marty’s Index, thickness of skinfolds in three points: Over the triceps brachii muscle, in the umbiculus area, and at the scapula angle, as well as the general adiposity. For each of the children we calculated the z-score in reference to their age and gender. The reference values had been presented earlier.
Results: The values that were below zero and above -1 for and Me - the parameters that characterize the z-score - revealed that the study population in general had lower values for all assessed anthropometric features than the reference values for general population. There was a statistically significant relationship between thickness of skinfolds in the umbiculus area and number of foetuses (p=0.007).
Conclusion: 1. Preterm children who are about to start school have significantly lower values of anthropometric features that characterize their body. 2. Among preterm children, assessed at the late preschool age, only number of foetuses is a factor that differentiates the umbilical skinfold thickness.Author(s): Lidia Perenc*, Katarzyna Zajkiewicz, Justyna Drzal-Grabiec, Joanna Majewska, Barbara Cyran-Grzebyk, Katarzyna Walicka-Cuprys