Research Article - Journal of Child and Adolescent Health (2020) Volume 4, Issue 3
A follow-up study on the psychological health, social support, and rearing behavior of left-behind children
The purpose of this study is to examine the change of psychological health, social support and rearing behaviour between left-behind children (LBC) and non-left-behind children (NLBC), and to analyze their correlations in the city of Shaoxing, China. By stratified and cluster sampling, 83 LBC and 119 NLBC had completed three consecutive years of follow-up investigation. Repeated measures of analysis of variance were performed to assess and compare the change of psychological health, social support, and rearing behavior between LBC and NLBC. The results showed that there was significant difference in change of psychosocial health between the two groups (decreasing in LBC, increasing in NLBC). There were no significant differences in social support and rearing behaviour among different time between LBC and NLBC, however, general support, subject support, support utilization and emotional warmth gradually increased in NLBC with no significant change in LBC. Psychological health positively correlated with social support (except for objective support) and emotional warmth and correlated negatively with rejection or overprotection in LBC. LBC suffer significant impairment in psychological health. Compared with the rising trend of NLBC, psychological health of LBC saw a decreasing trend over time. Psychological health may be affected by social support and rearing behaviour.