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Lyme Disease

By the bites of infected ticks of the genus Ixodes, Lyme disease is transmitted to humans. Ticks of concern are usually of the Ixodes scapularis type and must be attached for at least 36 hours before the bacteria can spread, in the United States.  Ticks of the Ixodes ricinus type may spread the bacteria more quickly, in Europe. Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii, in North America are the cause.  The bacteria Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii, in Europe and Asia, are also causes of the disease. The disease does not appear to be transmissible between humans. Combination of symptoms, history of tick exposure comes under diagnosis. Blood tests are negative in the initial stages of the disease. Studying and Testing of individual ticks is not typically useful.

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