Archives of Industrial Biotechnology

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Recycling is that the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects. The recyclability of a cloth depends on its ability to reacquire the properties it had in its virgin or original state. It is an alternate to "conventional" waste disposal which will save material and help lower greenhouse emission emissions. Recycling can prevent the waste of probably useful materials and reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, thereby reducing: energy usage, pollution (from incineration), and pollution (from landfilling).

Recycling may be a key component of recent waste reduction and is that the third component of the "Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle" waste hierarchy. Thus, recycling aims at environmental sustainability by substituting staple inputs into and redirecting waste outputs out of the financial system. There are some ISO standards associated with recycling like ISO 15270:2008 for plastics waste and ISO 14001:2015 for environmental internal control of recycling practice.

Recyclable materials include many sorts of glass, paper, cardboard, metal, plastic, tires, textiles, batteries, and electronics. The composting or other reuse of biodegradable waste—such as food or garden waste—is also a sort of recycling.

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