Annals of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery

Cardiovascular Disease

Vascular disease is any irregular condition of the blood vessels (arteries and veins). The body uses blood vessels to flow into blood through itself. issues on this vast network will cause severe incapacity and death.

Vascular diseases outside the heart will “present” themselves anyplace. the foremost common vascular  diseases are stroke, peripheral artery disease (PAD), abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), carotid artery disease (CAD), arteriovenous malformation (AVM), critical limb-threatening anemia (CLTI), pulmonary embolism (blood clots), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), and varicose veins. vascular  disease normally happens at sites of turbulent blood flow, like once the blood flow within the arteries changes direction suddenly.

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