Journal of Brain and Neurology

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Scoliosis may be a sideways curvature of the spine that happens most frequently during the expansion spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis are often caused by conditions like spastic paralysis and dystrophy , the explanation for most scoliosis is unknown. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis.

Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some spine deformities still get more severe as children grow. Severe scoliosis are often disabling. An especially severe spinal curve can reduce the quantity of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.

Children who have mild scoliosis are monitored closely, usually with X-rays, to ascertain if the curve is getting worse. In many cases, no treatment is important . Some children will got to wear a brace to prevent the curve from worsening. Others may have surgery to stay the scoliosis from worsening and to straighten severe cases of scoliosis.

Signs and symptoms of scoliosis may include:

Uneven shoulders

One scapula that appears more prominent than the opposite

Uneven waist

One hip above the opposite

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