Strategic policy initiative on UN sustainable development goals eliminating hunger of over 800 million people globally
4th International Conference on Food Science and Technology
April 08-09, 2019 | Zurich, Switzerland
Nurul Samiul Aman
University of Massachusetts, USA
Keynote : J Food Technol Pres
This research paper presentation is to bring the awareness of the biggest challenges in eliminating the world hunger of over 800 million people. The focus is to discuss how to take strategic policy initiatives to meet the challenges faced by 500 million small farms depending on the mercy of rain and related natural blessings to make their ends meet from traditional farming methods. The issues of vulnerability of these farms in facing frequent natural calamities are further aggravated by climate change caused by increasing global warming. The study indicates that seventy five percent of crop diversity were lost in these farms mainly attributed to resource constraints to protect the crops and frequent natural calamities. The study also found that over 4 billion people in the world still do not have access to clean water for drinking and irrigation, with no access to electricity either, most of them living in rural areas depending their livelihood on traditional farming methods. The increasing rate of water and energy poverty are found in those 500 million small farms, mostly in Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, which have further aggravated the growing problems of hunger and malnutrition among all ages of 815 million people. UN reports indicate that in 2016- 2017, 281 million people in Southern Asia and 23 percent population in entire Sub-Saharan Africa suffer from undernourishment. The same reports added that 45% of child mortality under age 5 worldwide are caused by malnutrition, which is about over 3 million deaths per year, of which 66 million children in developing nations go to schools hungry. Out of the 66 million hungry children, 23 million are from Sub-Saharan Africa alone. A list of policy implications and strategic initiatives are recommended to achieve food sustainability with a goal of zero hunger by 2030 set by the United Nations.
Nurul Samiul Aman is a senior lecturer at the University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, USA with specialization in financial economics and sustainable development with over 28 years of teaching experience at major colleges in Boston, USA. He is an author of macroeconomics principles textbook published in 2018. He earned his PhD from Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, USA; MA in Economics and MBA in Finance from Northeastern University, Boston. He also serves as a member of the Editorial Board of Asian Journal of Inclusive Education (AJIE), a peer reviewed journal for inclusive education and development. He also teaches overseas as a visiting professor at different universities in China. He also organizes and hosts International Conferences on Sustainable Development Goals at the Harvard University in collaboration with Government of Bangladesh. He previously worked as a business control manager of information technology departments in high technology companies including IBM.
E-mail: [email protected]