Commentary - Journal of Food Technology and Preservation (2021) Volume 5, Issue 9
Gastrointestinal, physiological functioning of Food.
Nutritional determinants during early development have long term implications on health, disease, and mortality risks in adulthood, as well as the development of neural functions and behaviour, phenomena known as "metabolic programming."Many of these programming effects could be explained by the interaction of nutrition and gene expression, which has to be researched further. The relationship between the availability of food ingredients and cell and tissue differentiation, as well as its potential applications in boosting health and development needs to be investigated further. The intake of foods, particularly micronutrients, affects the course of pregnancy, childbirth, and lactation, as well as the composition of human milk and the child's short- and long-term outcomes.Author(s): Caroline Thomas