Opinion Article - Archives in Food and Nutrition (2022) Volume 5, Issue 5
Beneficial phases for cardiovascular and endocrine development: The role of perinatal healthy diets.
A transition from a low foetal arterial blood pressure in late gestation to a high arterial blood pressure postnatally has been observed, which has been linked to early reduced calorie and protein nutrition on foetal cardiovascular development. These findings may clarify the relationship between pregnant women's health, including proper nutrition, and the success of their pregnancies. Low birth weight infants have drawn attention because they have a higher risk of developing adult cardiovascular diseases like hypertension, coronary heart disease, and stroke. Animal studies show that significant changes in cardiovascular and endocrine function can result from maternal or foetal under nutrition without impairing foetal growth. Vascular pathology in adults is not always associated with low birth weight.Author(s): Djane A. Santaro*