Immunology Case Reports

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Leptospirosis is a blood infection caused by the Leptospira bacteria . Signs and symptoms can range between none to mild (headachesmuscle pains, and fevers) to severe (bleeding in the lungs or meningitis). Weil's disease, the acute, severe form of leptospirosis, causes the infected person to become jaundiced (skin and eyes become yellow), develop kidney failure, and bleed. Bleeding from the lungs associated with leptospirosis is known as "severe pulmonary haemorrhage syndrome".More than 10 genetic types of Leptospira cause disease in humans.Both wild and domestic animals can spread the disease, most commonly rodents. The bacteria are spread to humans through animal urine, water and soil contaminated with animal urine, coming into contact with the eyes, mouth, nose breaks in the skin.

Relevant Topics in Immunology & Microbiology

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