Journal of Bacteriology and Infectious Diseases

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HIV-1

HIV-1 protease (PR) is a retroviral aspartyl protease (retropepsin), a compound associated with peptide bond hydrolysis in retroviruses, that is basic for the life-pattern of HIV, the retrovirus that causes AIDS. HIV protease separates recently blended polyproteins (to be specific, Gag and Gag-Pol) at nine cleavage destinations to make the develop protein segments of a HIV virion, the irresistible type of an infection outside of the host cell. Without powerful HIV protease, HIV virions remain uninfectious. Much of the time, HIV is an explicitly transmitted disease and happens by contact with or move of blood, pre-discharge, semen, and vaginal liquids. Exploration has appeared (for both same-sex and other gender couples) that HIV is untransmittable through condomless sex if the HIV-positive accomplice has a reliably imperceptible viral load.Non-sexual transmission can happen from a tainted mother to her baby during pregnancy, during labor by introduction to her blood or vaginal liquid, and through bosom milk.

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