Archives of General Internal Medicine

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Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inner of an artery narrows due to the buildup of plaque. Initially, there are normally no signs and symptoms. When severe, it can bring about coronary artery disorder, stroke, peripheral artery disorder, or kidney problems, depending on which arteries are affected. Symptoms, if they occur, usually do now not begin till center age. The exact reason isn't known. Risk elements consist of atypical ldl cholesterol levels, excessive blood stress, diabetes, smoking, obesity, family history, and an unhealthy diet. Plaque is made up of fat, ldl cholesterol, calcium, and different substances found within the blood. The narrowing of arteries limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to elements of the body. Diagnosis is primarily based upon a bodily exam, electrocardiogram, and exercising strain test, among others. Prevention is usually with the aid of consuming a healthy diet, exercising, not smoking, and preserving a everyday weight. Treatment of mounted ailment may include medications to decrease ldl cholesterol along with statins, blood strain medication, or medicines that decrease clotting, inclusive of aspirin

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