Journal of Food Science and Nutrition

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Editorial - Journal of Food Science and Nutrition (2021) Volume 4, Issue 1

Maternal nutrition and its importance.

Bhaskar Sharma*

University of East London, London, UK

Corresponding Author:
Bhaskar Sharma
University of East London
United Kingdom
E-mail: [email protected]

Accepted date: January 20, 2021

Citation: Sharma B. Maternal nutrition and its importance. J Food Sci Nutr. 2021;4(1):3.

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Introduction

Maternal nutritional process standing influences the biological process surroundings of the foetus that consequently affects the birth weight of the new born. However, the association between maternal nutritional factors & birth weight is advanced and isn't well. Maternal nutritional and metabolic factors have an effect on the biological process of the foetus that consequently influences the birth weight of the new born[1]. Throughout pregnancy condition, several physiological and metabolic functions are modified to a good extent. Pregnant ladies would like adequate energy and nutrients to fulfil the enhanced nutritional demands for growth of the foetus and to satisfy the enhanced body demands of the mother. Poor maternal nutrition standing has been associated with totally different adverse birth outcomes together with intrauterine growth restriction and low birth weight, which might have long consequences for development[2].

Description

A mother's nutritionl decisions whereas pregnant might have a good influence on her baby's development within the womb. There’s proof that what a mother fare throughout pregenancy state interacts along with her genes to have an effect on her child's susceptibility to poor health outcomes as well as childhood obesity, pre-diabetes, hypersensitivity reaction and bronchial asthma. Moreover, what an infant eats can change their bacteria present in an intestine, which might any influence the event of those poor outcomes. The impact of nutrition on brain development in preterm infants has been progressively appreciated. Early postnatal growth & nutrient intake are incontestible to influence brain growth and maturation with future effects on neurodevelopment that persist into childhood and adolescence. Nutrition may additionally probably defend against injury. Inflammation and perinatal infection play a vital role within the pathological process of nervous tissue injury, the foremost common pattern of brain injury in preterm infants. The importance of optimum early nutrition, that has adequate energy & protein intake to preterm infants, has been stressed for years. Traditionally, stress has been placed on the impact of early nutrition on growth and tiny attention has been drawn to its implications for brain development[3].

Pre-pregnancy nutrition

Many women do not eat a well-balanced diet before pregnancy & will not have the right nutritional status standing for the stress of pregnancy. Generally, a pregnant girl has to add concerning three hundred further calories daily once the primary trimester to fulfil the requirements of her body and her developing foetus. However those calories, similarly as her entire diet, need to be healthy, balanced & nutritious. Foods that are made of wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, or another cereal grain square measure grain product[4].

Conclusion

T Nutritional standing of pregnant women as indicated by maternal measuring and haemoglobin level was related to birth weight of the baby. Therefore, nutritional standing of the pregnant women should be improved to reduce the chance of low birth weight. Maternal consumption of a plant based diet throughout physiological state is related to birth weight. Usually accepted that adequate nutrition is crucial for brain growth and development of terribly preterm infants. Additionally, nutritionary supplements are hypothesized to produce neuroprotective effects.

References

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