Journal of Food Technology and Preservation

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +44-1518-081136

Opinion Article - Journal of Food Technology and Preservation (2023) Volume 7, Issue 6

Beyond meat: The comprehensive guide to different protein sources.

Christianto Putra*

Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Christianto Putra
Department of Chemistry
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Lowell, USA

Received: 23-Oct-2023, Manuscript No. AAFTP-23-121059; Editor assigned: 26-Oct-2023, PreQC No. AAFTP-23-121059 (PQ); Reviewed: 02-Nov-2023, QC No. AAFTP-23-121059; Revised: 11-Nov-2023, Manuscript No. AAFTP-23-121059 (R); Published: 16-Nov-2023, DOI:10.35841/2591-796X-7.6.205

Citation: Putra C. Beyond meat: The comprehensive guide to different protein sources. J Food Technol Pres. 2023;7(6):205

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Food Technology and Preservation


In the ever-evolving landscape of nutrition, the quest for diverse and sustainable protein sources has gained prominence. Beyond the traditional realms of meat, an array of protein-rich options has emerged, catering to varied dietary preferences and global sustainability concerns. This comprehensive guide explores the vast world of protein sources, delving into both animal and plant-based alternatives, and navigating the nutritional landscapes that define our modern approach to protein consumption. The protein puzzle: understanding the importance of protein- Protein is a fundamental macronutrient crucial for building and repairing tissues, supporting immune function, and maintaining overall health. Before delving into specific protein sources, it's essential to understand the role of protein in the body and the recommended daily intake for optimal health [1,2].

Animal-based protein sources: Lean meats: Beef, chicken, turkey, and pork are classic examples of lean meats, providing high-quality protein along with essential vitamins and minerals. Fish and seafood: Fish, such as salmon, tuna, and trout, are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and high-quality protein. Shellfish like shrimp and mussels are also nutrient-dense choices. Dairy products: Milk, yogurt, and cheese are rich sources of protein, calcium, and other essential nutrients. Opt for low-fat or greek yogurt for higher protein content. Eggs: Eggs are a complete protein source, containing all essential amino acids. They are versatile and can be prepared in various ways [3,4].

Plant-based protein sources: Legumes: Beans, lentils, and chickpeas are excellent plant-based protein sources. They are also rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Tofu and tempeh- Tofu and tempeh are soy-based protein sources, providing a versatile alternative for vegetarian and vegan diets. Quinoa: Quinoa is a complete protein grain, containing all essential amino acids. It's a great option for that seeking plant-based protein diversity. Nuts and seeds: Almonds, peanuts, chia seeds, and hemp seeds offer protein along with healthy fats, making them suitable for snacks or meal additions. Understanding protein quality: complete vs. Incomplete proteins: Proteins are composed of amino acids, and they are classified as complete or incomplete based on the presence of essential amino acids. Understanding the concept of protein quality is crucial for ensuring a well-rounded diet [5,6].

Beyond meat and meat alternatives: Beyond meat and plant-based burgers: Beyond meat has gained popularity for its plant-based burgers that mimic the taste and texture of traditional meat. Explore the nutritional aspects and environmental considerations of such meat alternatives. Seitan and jackfruit: Seitan, made from wheat gluten, and jackfruit, a versatile fruit with a meat-like texture, are other popular plant-based options for creating meat substitutes. Mycoprotein (quorn): Quorn is a mycoprotein-based meat substitute that offers a unique texture and taste, making it a favorite among those seeking plant-based alternatives. Sustainable protein choices: navigating environmental impact: As sustainability becomes a growing concern, understanding the environmental impact of protein choices is vital. Compare the ecological footprint of various protein sources, considering factors such as land use, water consumption, and greenhouse gas emissions [7,8].

Balancing macronutrients: protein in the context of a well-balanced diet: While protein is essential, a well-balanced diet includes a combination of macronutrients. Explore how to achieve a balance between proteins, carbohydrates, and fats for overall nutritional harmony. Protein and special diets: catering to dietary preferences and restrictions: Vegetarian and vegan diets: Explore how individuals following vegetarian or vegan diets can meet their protein needs through a combination of plant-based sources. Protein and athletes- Athletes often have higher protein requirements to support muscle repair and growth. Learn about protein-rich options for those with active lifestyles [9].

Protein for weight management: Protein plays a role in satiety and can be beneficial for weight management. Discover how incorporating protein-rich foods can contribute to a healthy weight. Cooking techniques and recipes: maximizing protein nutritional value: Explore cooking techniques that preserve the nutritional value of protein sources. Additionally, discover recipes that showcase the versatility of both animal and plant-based proteins. The future of protein: innovations and trends: As technology advances and sustainability remains at the forefront, explore emerging trends and innovations in the world of protein, from lab-grown meat to novel plant-based alternatives. The landscape of protein sources is vast and diverse, offering choices that align with individual preferences, dietary restrictions, and environmental concerns. Whether opting for traditional animal based proteins or exploring the growing realm of plant-based alternatives, understanding the nutritional nuances of different protein sources empowers individuals to make informed and health-conscious choices [10].


  1. Berrazaga I, Micard V, Gueugneau M, et al. The role of the anabolic properties of plant-versus animal-based protein sources in supporting muscle mass maintenance: A critical review. Nutrients. 2019;11(8):1825.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Putra C, Konow N, Gage M, et al. Protein source and muscle health in older adults: A literature review. Nutrients. 2021;13(3):743.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Ye H, Wu J, Liang Z, et al. Protein S-nitrosation: Biochemistry, identification, molecular mechanisms, and therapeutic applications. J Med Chem. 2022;65(8):5902-25.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Kato N, Iwami K. Resistant protein; Its existence and function beneficial to health. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol. 2002;48(1):1-5.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Chalvon-Demersay T, Azzout-Marniche D, Arfsten J, et al. A systematic review of the effects of plant compared with animal protein sources on features of metabolic syndrome. J Nutr. 2017;147(3):281-92.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  11. Lan L, Djuric N, Guo Y, et al. MS-k NN: Protein function prediction by integrating multiple data sources. BMC Bioinform. 2013;14(3):1-10.
  12. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  13. Jia S, Li X, He W, et al. Protein-sourced feedstuffs for aquatic animals in nutrition research and aquaculture. Rec Adv Ani Nutr Metabo. 2022:237-61.
  14. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  15. Cho YH, Jones OG. Assembled protein nanoparticles in food or nutrition applications. Adv Food Nutr 2019;88:47-84.
  16. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  17. Benhaim M, Lee KK, Guttman M. Tracking higher order protein structure by hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry. Protein Pept. 2019;26(1):16-26.
  18. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  19. Jones SW, Karpol A, Friedman S, et al. Recent advances in single cell protein use as a feed ingredient in aquaculture. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2020;61:189-97.
  20. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App