Editorial - Journal of Food Science and Nutrition (2021) Volume 4, Issue 1
Nutritional needs of the child with neurological complications.
Up to 90% of children with developmental delays have some degree of feeding disorder as a result of neurological or neuromuscular impairment, physical anomalies, or sensory and behavioural food aversions. Children with neurological impairment frequently have gastrointestinal (GI) disorders such as gastro oesophageal reflux disease, dysphagia, or dysmotility, conditions that can interfere with adequate oral food intake. For children who cannot eat sufficient food safely and in a reasonable amount of time, enteral tube feedings are usually used. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders differ in their physical capabilities, activity levels, and caloric needs. Individual enteral diets must reflect these differences, providing adequate amounts of protein without excess calories in order to prevent muscle wasting or becoming overweight. Other health conditions such as constipation and micronutrient deficiencies are also common in these children and may require added nutrients or modification of the enteral formula.Author(s): Ishaya Piwuna