Archives in Food and Nutrition

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Research Article - Archives in Food and Nutrition (2019) Volume 2, Issue 2

Nutrient composition in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease- A review

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), the most prevalent non communicable disease arising due to obesity, is a reversible condition. Poor lifestyle comprising of excessive caloric intake and sedentary physical activity are the major causes leading to hepatic fat deposition. Even though, there is no medicinal treatment for NAFLD, lifestyle management plays an important role in reversing the situation. Early treatment can prevent liver related mortality. An increased caloric consumption in NAFLD subjects is reported. As per ESPEN guidelines (2019) a 7-10 % weight loss is recommended to improve hepatic steatosis in obese patients and liver parameters and more than 10 % to improve fibrosis. Achieving a weight loss of 0.5 to 1 kg/week with daily calorie reduction by 500 to 1000 Kcals /day is recommended rather than a rapid weight loss, which may be deleterious for NAFLD patients. The quality of diet is more important than the quantity. Modifying the macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins and fats) and micronutrients even without weight loss can prove beneficial to NAFLD patients.

Author(s): Neena Bhatia, Swapna Chaturvedi and Naval K Vikram

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