The risk factors of postpartum depression among Arab Women
28th International Conference on Nursing Care
May 23-24, 2019 | Vienna, Austria
Khalood Al Abri
Manchester University, UK
Posters & Accepted Abstracts : J Intensive Crit Care Nurs
Objectives: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most
common and serious mental health complication among
postnatal women globally. The symptoms have a significant
effect on the mother’s mental and, physical health (Moh'd
Yehia, Callister, & Hamdan-Mansour, 2013). For the Arab
population, research in PPD has been limited to comparison
of the prevalence and risk factors between Arab population
and non-Arab populations. The objective of this study is to
review literatures on the risk factors associated with PPD in
childbearing Arab women.
Methods: A total of five articles were selected and critiqued based on date of publication, quality, and extent of coverage of the many Arab countries. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores was used to assess PDD symptoms.
Results: The studies resulted in some different and also some common risk factors in the development of PPD among Arab women. Social support, consanguineous marriage, education level, employment level, marital problems, formula feeding versus breast feeding, complication during pregnancy, marital problems, stressful life events, infertility, unplanned pregnancy, C-section and past history of depression were the common factors that had been reviewed.
Conclusion: Most importantly this review identifies the importance and impact of social support on the development of PPD in Arab women and suggests improved screening and education for women and families regarding social support in hopes of decreasing rates of PPD in Arab women. Decreasing rates of PPD in Arab women in turn helps the wellness of their babies, and in turn the family in the long term.
Khalood Al Abri. She is a 29 years old girl from sultanate of Oman. She completed her baccalaureate of nursing science in Oman at sultan Qaboos university in 2013, Master of Science in Nursing (Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner program) at the University of California, San Francisco in 2017. During master she completed a nice dissertation thesis about postpartum depression among Arab population and she is looking to share her experience in this topic. Currently, she is a first year of PhD mental health student at Manchester University. Here current research topic is around perinatal depression among Omani women. Khalood is not published any research yet but she is looking to publish her research in next two years.
E-mail: [email protected]