Archives in Food and Nutrition

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (629)348-3199

Review Article - Archives in Food and Nutrition (2023) Volume 6, Issue 3

The food pyramid reimagined: Modern strategies for nutritional excellence.

Noriko Kubota *

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Nagano Children's Hospital, Nagano, Japan

Corresponding Author:
Noriko Kubota
Department of Clinical Laboratory
Nagano Children's Hospital, Nagano, Japan.

Received: 20-May-2023, Manuscript No. AAAFN-23-113597; Editor assigned: 23-May-2023, PreQC No. AAAFN-23-113597 (PQ); Reviewed: 06-Jun-2023, QC No AAAFN-23-113597; Revised: 08-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. AAAFN-23-113597 (R); Published: 15-Jun-2023, DOI:10.35841/aaafn-6.3.155

Citation: Kubota N. The food pyramid reimagined: Modern strategies for nutritional excellence. Arch Food Nutr. 2023;6(3):155

Visit for more related articles at Archives in Food and Nutrition

The food pyramid is a visual representation of how different food groups contribute to a balanced diet. Developed by nutritionists and health experts, it provides a simple and effective way to understand the types and quantities of foods one should consume to maintain good health and well-being. In this article, we will explore the concept of the food pyramid, its evolution, and how it can serve as a valuable tool for making healthy dietary choices.

The origins of the food pyramid

The concept of the food pyramid was introduced by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1992. It was designed to replace the previous "Four Food Groups" model and provide clearer guidelines for a balanced diet. The pyramid shape was chosen to emphasize the importance of consuming different food groups in varying quantities, with the most crucial at the base and the least at the top [1].

Understanding the food pyramid

The traditional food pyramid is divided into five main food groups, each represented by a different level of the pyramid:


Grains: At the base of the pyramid are grains, such as bread, rice, pasta, and cereal. These should form the foundation of your diet and provide the majority of your daily calorie intake. Whole grains are preferred over refined grains for their higher nutritional value and fiber content.

Vegetables: Just above grains, the vegetable group includes a wide variety of options, such as leafy greens, carrots, broccoli, and peppers. Vegetables are rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber, making them a vital part of a balanced diet.

Fruits: The next level features fruits like apples, oranges, bananas, and berries. Fruits provide natural sugars, vitamins, and antioxidants that contribute to overall health [2].

Dairy: The dairy group includes milk, yogurt, and cheese, providing a significant source of calcium and other essential nutrients. Opt for low-fat or fat-free options when possible.

Protein: At the top of the pyramid is the protein group, which encompasses meat, poultry, fish, beans, nuts, and eggs. Protein is crucial for building and repairing tissues, and it should be consumed in moderation. [3].

The evolution of dietary guidelines

Over time, dietary guidelines and recommendations have evolved, leading to changes in the way the food pyramid is presented. In 2011, the USDA introduced "MyPlate," a simplified representation of a balanced meal, which replaced the traditional food pyramid. MyPlate divides a meal into four sections: fruits, vegetables, protein, and grains, with a side of dairy [4].

While My Plate offers a more straightforward visual guide, the principles of the food pyramid still apply. A balanced diet should include a variety of foods from all food groups, with an emphasis on whole grains, lean proteins, and plenty of fruits and vegetables [5].


The food pyramid, though no longer the primary visual representation of dietary guidelines, remains a valuable concept for understanding how different food groups contribute to a healthy diet. Whether you follow the traditional pyramid or the newer MyPlate model, the key to a nutritious diet lies in consuming a diverse range of foods in appropriate portions. By using these guidelines as a foundation, individuals can make informed choices that promote overall health and well-being, ensuring that their nutritional needs are met for a happy and healthy life



  1. Morley JE, Silver AJ. Nutritional issues in nursing home care. Ann Intern Med 1995;123(11):850-9.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Maslach C, Leiter MP. Understanding the burnout experience: recent research and its implications for psychiatry. World J Psychiatry. 2016;15(2):103-11.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Grada A, Phillips TJ. Nutrition and cutaneous wound healing. Clin 2022;40(2):103-13.
  6. Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Elia M. Defining, recognizing, and reporting malnutrition. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2017;16(4):230-7.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, et al. Consensus statement of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics/American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition: characteristics recommended for the identification and documentation of adult malnutrition (undernutrition). J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012;112(5):730-8.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App