Opinion Article - Archives in Food and Nutrition (2022) Volume 5, Issue 2
Sugarcane nutritional quality, production, and quality after sulphur application
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
- *Corresponding Author:
- Li Ben
Institute of Animal Nutrition
Department of Veterinary Medicine
Freie Universität Berlin
Received: 30-Mar-2022, Manuscript No. AAAFN-22-61562; Editor assigned: 01-April-2022, PreQC No. AAAFN-22-61562(PQ); Reviewed: 15-April-2022, QC No. AAAFN-22-61562; Revised: 18-April-2022, Manuscript No. AAAFN-22-61562(R); Published: 25-April-2022, DOI:10.35841/aaafn-5.2.106
The study of how the foods we eat have a role in illness aetiology is known as nutritional epidemiology. This includes determining how dietary patterns, components, nutrients, and pollutants are linked to health outcomes or disease markers, both directly and non-causally. Nutritional epidemiologists at Exponent combine nutrition expertise, knowledge of national food and health databases, applied statistics, and risk assessment to quantify the effects of the aforementioned factors on health outcomes such as nutritional adequacy, diet quality, and disease incidence and biomarkers. Conducting observational data studies, including meta-analyses, to creating and completing systematic, evidence-based reviews of the scientific literature are examples of methods for evaluating these interactions. Food and beverage companies, as well as related trade and commodities associations and food lawyers, can apply. Nutritional epidemiology is used to support regulatory filings to government authorities such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), provide food component safety studies, respond to lawsuits, and produce effective public health message about their goods .
Individual foods or nutrients have typically been the focus of nutrition and illness research. This type of concentration is still relevant and necessary in the food and beverage business. Examples include conducting studies to add to the scientific knowledge base of the influence particular dietary components have on health, as well as proactive safety analyses of food products or substances. In addition, this use of nutritional epidemiology may be required in reaction to litigation or the necessity to defend a specific food product against unfavourable claims . The food and beverage business has seen a lot of changes in recent years. Nutritional epidemiology has been utilised by the food and beverage industry to defend false advertising allegations and the probable existence of toxins listed by the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) under California Proposition 65. Nutritional epidemiology data can be examined by teams of specialists in the field of public health to see if a contaminant identified in a meal is linked to negative health outcomes, and if those negative impacts exceed the benefits of the product's function in the overall diet. While the importance of this work is acknowledged, a shift in how health agencies see and evaluate food opens up new potential for organisations to proactively use nutritional epidemiology to identify how a given food fits into a particular diet. .
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA), the nation's go-to source for nutrition guidance, is published every five years by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) . There was a shift in the 2015-2020 DGA from analysing foods and nutrients in isolation to examining them as part of a consumer's dietary pattern. The DGA for 2020- 2025 will continue to focus on dietary patterns in order to better understand what constitutes a "healthy" pattern and what the possible benefits of following this pattern are to the American people. This provides a chance for the food and beverage industry, as well as allied trade and commodity organisations, to assess how their goods fit into healthy dietary patterns and contribute to that pattern's success. Exponent's team was recently featured in Forbes for their work on a comprehensive examination of the potential billions of dollars in U.S. healthcare cost savings that could be realised if the U.S. population made reasonable improvements in their diet quality .
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