Archives in Food and Nutrition

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (629)348-3199

Review Article - Archives in Food and Nutrition (2023) Volume 6, Issue 3

Shades of flavour: The impact of colour in food perception

Beata Olas *

Department of General Biochemistry, University of Lodz, Pomorska, Lodz, Poland

Corresponding Author:
Beata Olas
Department of General Biochemistry
University of Lodz, Pomorska, Lodz, Poland.

Received: 19-May-2023, Manuscript No. AAAFN-23-113584; Editor assigned: 22-May-2023, PreQC No. AAAFN-23-113584 (PQ); Reviewed: 05-Jun-2023, QC No AAAFN-23-113584; Revised: 07-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. AAAFN-23-113584 (R); Published: 14-Jun-2023, DOI:10.35841/aaafn-6.3.154

Citation: Olas B. Shades of flavour: The impact of colour in food perception. Arch Food Nutr. 2023;6(3):154

Visit for more related articles at Archives in Food and Nutrition

Imagine a world without the brilliant red of ripe strawberries, the golden hue of saffron-infused rice, or the deep brown of a perfectly brewed cup of coffee. Colour is an essential aspect of our culinary experience, and it's the realm of food colorants that brings these vibrant visuals to our plates. In this brief exploration, we'll delve into the captivating world of food colorants, shedding light on their types, uses, and a glimpse into the intriguing science of food coloring.

In the realm of gastronomy, where flavour and presentation unite to create memorable dining experiences, the role of colour cannot be overstated. The vivid red of a luscious apple, the enticing golden hue of saffron-infused rice, and the deep, inviting brown of a cup of cocoa all evoke sensations that elevate our meals beyond mere sustenance. At the heart of these captivating colours lies the fascinating world of food colorants, an artful and scientific pursuit that has been integral to human cuisine for centuries [1].

As we embark on a journey through the vibrant world of food colorants, we'll uncover the secrets behind the mesmerizing hues that adorn our plates. From the natural pigments sourced from the earth's bounty to the meticulously crafted synthetic dyes designed to dazzle the senses, food colorants are the invisible painters of the culinary canvas. In this exploration, we will delve into the types of food colorants, their applications, the science that underpins their use, and the evolving landscape of food colouring in a world increasingly focused on clean labels and natural ingredients. So, let us step into this colourful realm where taste meets artistry, and discover the magic that unfolds when we embrace the vibrant world of food colorants [2].

The spectrum of food colourants

Food colorants are the unsung heroes of the culinary world, transforming ordinary ingredients into visually appealing and appetizing creations. They come in two primary categories:

Natural Colorants: Derived from various sources in nature, including fruits, vegetables, spices, and even insects, natural colorants bring an authentic touch to our food. Examples include the red from beets, the yellow from turmeric, and the green from chlorophyll-rich spinach.

Artificial Colorants: Also known as synthetic or certified colors, these are chemically derived pigments that lend a wide range of vibrant hues to our favorite processed foods. You might recognize names like Red 40, Yellow 5, and Blue 1 on ingredient labels. [3].

The art and science of food colouring

The use of food colorants is an art form as much as it is a science. Food scientists and chefs carefully select and blend colorants to achieve specific shades that not only stimulate our appetite but also play a psychological role in our dining experience.

These colorants can be found in a plethora of food products, from candies and beverages to baked goods and condiments. They make food visually appealing, helping us associate specific colors with particular flavors and even nutritional attributes [4].

Balancing act: Safety and aesthetics

While food colorants are generally safe for consumption, regulatory agencies like the FDA and EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) rigorously evaluate their safety. However, concerns have been raised about certain artificial colorants and their potential links to allergic reactions and hyperactivity, especially in children.

As a response to these concerns and the growing trend toward natural and clean-label products, food manufacturers are increasingly exploring alternatives like fruit and vegetable extracts and plant-based colorants [5].


Food colorants are the artists behind the canvas of our culinary world, adding vibrancy and allure to our meals. Whether natural or artificial, they play a significant role in the visual appeal of our food. As our understanding of food and consumer preferences continue to evolve, so too will the colorful palette of ingredients used to create the dishes that delight our eyes and taste buds.


  1. Morley JE, Silver AJ. Nutritional issues in nursing home care. Ann Intern Med 1995;123(11):850-9.
  2. Google Scholar

  3. Maslach C, Leiter MP. Understanding the burnout experience: recent research and its implications for psychiatry. World J Psychiatry. 2016;15(2):103-11.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Grada A, Phillips TJ. Nutrition and cutaneous wound healing. Clin 2022;40(2):103-13.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Elia M. Defining, recognizing, and reporting malnutrition. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2017;16(4):230-7.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, et al. Consensus statement of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics/American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition: characteristics recommended for the identification and documentation of adult malnutrition (undernutrition). J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012;112(5):730-8.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App