Archives in Food and Nutrition

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Mini Review - Archives in Food and Nutrition (2024) Volume 7, Issue 1

Essential minerals: Unveiling the key roles and impact on human nutrition

James Nueno *

Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia.

*Corresponding Author:
James Nueno
Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia.
E-mail: dd>

Received: 05-Feb-2024, Manuscript No. AAAFN-24-126694; Editor assigned: 07-Feb-2024, PreQC No AAAFN-24-126694 (PQ) Reviewed:19-Feb-2024, QC No. AAAFN-24-126694Revised:20-Feb-2024, Manuscript No. AAAFN-24-126694 (R); Published:24-Feb-2024, DOI:10.35841/aaafn-7.1.1913

Citation: Nueno J. Essential minerals: Unveiling the key roles and impact on human nutrition. Arch Food Nutr. 2024;7(1):193

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Introduction In the intricate tapestry of human nutrition, essential minerals are the unsung heroes, silently orchestrating a myriad of vital functions within the body. Often overshadowed by macronutrients and vitamins, these minerals play pivotal roles in maintaining health and well-being. This article delves into the world of essential minerals, unveiling their key roles and exploring the profound impact they have on human nutrition [1].

Essential minerals encompass a diverse array of elements that the body requires in relatively small amounts but are indispensable for various physiological functions. Calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, sulfur, and trace minerals such as iron, zinc, copper, selenium, manganese, and iodine form the essential mineral orchestra [2].

Each mineral in this symphony serves a unique purpose, contributing to processes ranging from bone formation and nerve function to immune system regulation and enzyme activation. Their collaboration is essential for the seamless functioning of the human body [3].

Beyond its well-known role in bone health, calcium is crucial for muscle contraction, blood clotting, and nerve transmission. It acts as a versatile mineral, influencing cellular signaling and participating in various enzymatic reactions [4].

The impact of essential minerals on human nutrition is far-reaching. Their roles extend beyond basic health maintenance to influencing growth, development, and the prevention of chronic diseases. Insufficient intake of these minerals, known as mineral deficiencies, can lead to a range of health issues [5].

For instance, calcium deficiency may result in weakened bones and an increased risk of fractures. Iron deficiency can lead to anemia, causing fatigue and impaired cognitive function. Inadequate intake of potassium and sodium may disrupt fluid balance and contribute to hypertension [6].

On the other end of the spectrum, excessive intake of certain minerals can also have adverse effects. For instance, excessive sodium intake is linked to hypertension, while excessive iron intake can lead to toxicity [7].

The key to harnessing the benefits of essential minerals lies in striking a balance. A well-rounded and diverse diet that includes a variety of nutrient-rich foods ensures an adequate supply of essential minerals. Whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, dairy products, lean meats, and seafood contribute to a holistic nutritional profile [8].

Nutritional education and awareness play crucial roles in helping individuals make informed choices to meet their mineral needs. Additionally, understanding the impact of factors such as age, sex, and specific health conditions on mineral requirements is essential for tailoring dietary choices to individual needs [9].

Unveiling the key roles of essential minerals is not just a journey into scientific intricacies; it is an exploration of the profound impact these elements have on human health. As we recognize the significance of calcium in bone health, the synergy between potassium and sodium in regulating blood pressure, or the multifaceted functions of trace minerals, we gain a deeper appreciation for the intricacies of human nutrition [10].


In the pursuit of optimal health, essential minerals stand as pillars supporting a foundation of well-being. Through awareness, education, and a balanced approach to nutrition, individuals can harness the benefits of these minerals, fostering a harmonious relationship between science and practical applications in the realm of human nutrition. In doing so, we not only unveil the secrets of essential minerals but also pave the way for a healthier, more vibrant future.


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