Archives in Food and Nutrition

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Short Communication - Archives in Food and Nutrition (2023) Volume 6, Issue 5

Battling the silent epidemic: Understanding and preventing vitamin b12 deficiency

Peter Forsyth *

Department of Medical Biology, Bezmialem Vakif University,Turkey

*Corresponding Author:
Dennis Petrie
Department of Medical Biology, Bezmialem Vakif University,Turkey
E-mail: Peter Forsyth

Received: 05-Oct-2023, Manuscript No. AAAFN-23-118221; Editor assigned: 06-Oct-2023, PreQC No. AAAFN-23-118221 (PQ); Reviewed:18-Oct-2023, QC No. AAAFN-23-118221; Revised:20-Oct-2023, Manuscript No. AAAFN-23-118221 (R); Published:27-Oct-2023, DOI:10.35841/aaafn-6.5.172

Citation: Forsyth P. Battling the silent epidemic: Understanding and preventing vitamin b12 deficiency. Arch Food Nutr. 2023;6(5):172

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Introduction In the realm of essential nutrients, vitamin B12 often takes a back seat to its more celebrated counterparts like vitamin D or vitamin C. However, the consequences of a vitamin B12 deficiency can be profound and far-reaching. Sometimes called the "silent epidemic," this deficiency is more common than you might think and can have serious health implications. In this article, we will explore the importance of vitamin B12, the causes and symptoms of its deficiency, and practical ways to prevent it [1].

Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that plays a critical role in several bodily functions. Vitamin B12 is essential for maintaining healthy nerve cells and proper functioning of the nervous system. A deficiency can lead to neurological issues, including numbness, tingling, and cognitive impairments. It is necessary for the formation of red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body. Without adequate vitamin B12, anemia can develop, leading to fatigue and weakness [2].

Vitamin B12 is involved in the synthesis of DNA, which is crucial for normal cell division and the growth and development of all cells in the body. B12 aids in converting food into energy, making it a key player in maintaining vitality and preventing fatigue. Vitamin B12 is primarily found in animal-based foods such as meat, fish, eggs, and dairy products. Individuals following strict vegetarian or vegan diets may be at risk if they don't consume fortified foods or supplements [3].

Some medical conditions, like pernicious anemia, celiac disease, and Crohn's disease, can interfere with the body's ability to absorb vitamin B12 from the digestive system. As people age, their ability to absorb vitamin B12 from food often diminishes, making the elderly more susceptible to deficiency. Long-term use of certain medications, like proton pump inhibitors and metformin, can interfere with B12 absorption [4].

Some weight loss surgeries, like gastric bypass, can reduce the body's ability to absorb vitamin B12 from food. The symptoms of a vitamin B12 deficiency can be varied and often overlooked. A constant feeling of tiredness and weakness. Numbness, tingling, and difficulty walking due to nerve damage.Pale or jaundiced skin, weakness, and shortness of breath [5].


Vitamin B12 deficiency is a widespread issue with potentially serious consequences for health. Understanding the role of vitamin B12 in the body, recognizing the causes and symptoms of deficiency, and taking proactive steps to prevent it is essential. By incorporating the right foods into your diet, considering supplements when necessary, and staying vigilant about your health, you can effectively combat this silent epidemic and maintain your overall well-being. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance on managing your vitamin B12 levels and staying healthy.


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