Short Communication - Research and Reports in Immunology (2022) Volume 5, Issue 1
Thymocyte adhesion in medullary thymic epithelial cells under the influence of incrnas.
Background: Thymic epithelial cells, cytokines, exosomes, surface chemicals, and hormones from the cells make up the thymic microenvironment, which is important for T lymphocyte formation, differentiation, maturation, and homeostasis. The thymus, on the other hand, begins to degrade in humans as early as the second year of life and continues to do so throughout life, resulting in a decreased output of naive T cells, limited TCR variety, and an expansion of monoclonal memory T cells in peripheral organs. These changes will diminish the adaptive immune response to cancers and new infectious diseases like COVID-19, as well as make it easier for older people to develop autoimmune diseases. It is critical to explore and clarify the issues of global ageing. Main body: Histone modification, DNA methylation, non-coding RNA impacts, and chromatin remodelling are all examples of epigenetics. We address how senescent thymic epithelial cells define and control age-related thymic atrophy, as well as how epigenetic alteration affects this process. The role of the thymus adipose in thymic epithelial cell dysfunction and the possibility of treating thymus atrophy by targeting thymic epithelial cells. Conclusion: Epigenetic changes are emerging as important regulators of thymic epithelial cell growth and senescence. In the aged, it is advantageous to re-establish functional thymopoiesis, find a suitable therapeutic strategy, and rejuvenate immunological function.Author(s): Diagnostic Immunology