Review Article - Journal of Cell Biology and Metabolism (2021) Volume 3, Issue 5
Through a biological approach, evaluating new techniques of phytochemicals demonstrating antimicrobial action from two important medicinal plants in Odisha-A review.
In recent years, the usage of and search for medications and dietary supplements produced from plants has increased. Ethno-pharmacologists, botanists, microbiologists, and naturalproducts chemists are scouring the globe for Phytochemicals and "leads" that could be used to cure infectious diseases. Infectious infections are a big issue in both developing and developed countries. Because of their high antibacterial activity and low cost, traditional medicinal plants are commonly utilized to treat microbial infections. Antimicrobial resistance is a major hazard to human health all around the world. The expense of bringing a novel antibiotic to market is considerable, with a minimal return on investment. Plants produce a variety of bioactive secondary metabolites that could be exploited to fuel the pipeline of future discovery. Secondary metabolites present in plants include tannins, terpenoids, alkaloids, and flavonoids, which have been shown to have antibacterial activities in vitro. Diverse solvents such as ethanol, methanol, chloroform, acetone, petroleum ether, alcohol, and ethyl acetate were used to extract different plant parts such as seed, fruit, root, bark, stem, leaf, and even the entire plant. Plant extracts have a high value as natural antimicrobials because they greatly alter pathogenic organisms' cell membrane hyperpolarization. As a result, the current study was developed to look into a phytochemical screening of two therapeutic plants.Author(s): Manmath Kumar Rout*