Archives of General Internal Medicine

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Research Article - Archives of General Internal Medicine (2023) Volume 7, Issue 6

The Effectiveness of Different Current Interventions for Managing Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): A Systematic Review

Chronic stomach pain and irregular bowel motions are symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), a functional gastrointestinal disorder. It affects 20% of the general population, primarily women, and significantly influences healthcare expenses and quality of life. Diarrhea-related IBS, constipation-related IBS, constipation-and-diarrhea-related IBS mixed, and unclassified IBS are the different IBS types. The pathophysiology of IBS is currently believed to be influenced by changes in neurohumoral mechanisms, psychosocial factors, visceral hypersensitivity, bacterial overgrowth, hereditary factors, gastrointestinal motility, and immune system variables. One or more of these etiologic factors may interact. The therapeutic approach includes both non-pharmacologic therapies and pharmacotherapy. The choice of intervention depends on the predominant symptom, and a prescribed time point should be planned for effectiveness evaluation and dose adjustment. The most recent developments in the various interventions for IBD are discussed in this systematic review.

Author(s): Shyam Vengala,Varnika Gupta,Vaishnavi Kandukuri, Bala Sai Teja Nuthalapati, Navya Pillikunte, Doddareddy,Deepanshu Raj,Mihirkumar P. Parmar*, Vishal Venugopal

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