Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health

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Research Article - Journal of Clinical Dentistry and Oral Health (2022) Volume 6, Issue 3

Retrospective analysis of incidence of dental caries in posterior teeth in males and females.

Introduction: Dental caries is a chronic disease which is considered to be a major public health problem globally. There is evidence indicating that many caries risk factors provide a gender bias due to such as different salivary composition and flow rate, hormonal fluctuations, dietary habits, genetic variations, and particular social roles among their family. Aim: The main objective of this study was to analyze the incidence of dental caries in posterior teeth in males and females. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted among patients who were diagnosed with dental caries in a university teaching hospital in Chennai during the period of December 2020 to May 2021. The collected data was then subjected to statistical analysis using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). Descriptive statistics and Chi square tests were used. Results: Dental caries were most frequent in the posterior teeth in females with 54.4% of the total population. It was noted that Class II was most frequently diagnosed with 53.4% of the population. It was noticed that Class I caries was predominant in females and Class VI was predominant in males. Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, it was observed that: 1. Dental caries were most frequent in the posterior teeth in females. 2. It was noted that Class II was most frequently diagnosed. 3. It was noticed that Class I caries was predominant in females and Class VI was predominant in males.

Author(s): Azima Hanin S.M, Anjaneyulu K*

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