Review Article - Journal of Intensive and Critical Care Nursing (2020) Volume 3, Issue 3
Knowledge and practice on self-insulin administration among diabetic patients in tertiary care hospital Lahore.
Background and Aim: The diabetic mellitus is a chronic disease, in which they suffered with multiple signs and symptoms of other contributing diseases like hypertension. Along this disease of diabetes they must know about the treatment and self-medication (insulin) administration techniques. They need to have the knowledge and practices of diabetes patient’s daily self-care activities like insulin administration and use of insulin according the high value of blood sugar levels. The study aim was to assessment of the practices and knowledge regarding self-insulin administration among diabetic patients. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary care setting. Population was diabetic patients in n=150. Study duration was 4 months. Data was collected by adopted tool which consisted of 2 parts Knowledge and Practice based. Study tool has demographic data, knowledge about self-insulin administration and practice observed by checklist. Data analyzed through the categories of the (less than 50% score), average knowledge (score 51 to 60%), and good knowledge (more than 60%score). The correct practices considered more than 60% and less than 60% incorrect practices. Ethical approval was taken from participants as in written consent. Results: The results reveal that the majority of female diabetic patients they were in 62.7%, age group were involved >46 years (51.3%), Married were 85.3%. The 76% families were having positive diabetic history. Most of the patients 55.3% were used (pen) device for insulin. Good knowledge was 15.38%, 76.92% average knowledge, and only 7.69% patient have poor knowledge. In this study was found the 40% patients performed correctly and 60% patients incorrect performed the selfadministration of insulin. Conclusion: Through this study got that point, there is sufficient knowledge about insulin selfadministration. But they have incorrect practices to self-administer the insulin at their daily routine habits. They need to simulate on practices the self-administration of insulin by the guidance of expert health care professionals.Author(s): Iqra Shafi, Kousar Parveen, Muhammad Hussain, Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Amir Gilani