Archives in Food and Nutrition

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Short Article - Archives in Food and Nutrition (2020) Volume 3, Issue 1

Integrated Bio-Cycles Farming System for healthy Food and Food sovereignty during Pandemic of COVID-19

Since WHO established COVID-19 as a pandemic, many countries have maintained calm downs, soft downs, and lockdowns. To prevent the spread of the virus more widely, by avoiding crowds of people. The Indonesian government also applies large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) to various areas of the pandemic red zone. Business, industry, production, education, restaurant, worship, performance, art, travel, sports, tourism are suspended, and Work from Home (WFH) is implemented. Both lives and livelihoods are at risk from this pandemic. Agricultural harvest and meat products at the beginning of the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic made abundant stockpiles, and prices fell below the production price. The next food production cycle is hampered due to the dry season, lockdown, and declining business prospects. The food supply chain is a complex web that involves producers, consumers, agricultural and fishery inputs, processing and storage, transportation, and marketing. Tropical ecosystems have an essential role in global climate change, biodiversity, life cycle, healthy food, food production, food safety, food sovereignty, food supply chain, bioeconomic, environment, social culture, and environment (Agus, 2018). Indonesia has an advantage as an "equatorial emerald" with the highest natural productivity in the world, about ten times compared to temperate regions because it is supported by high temperatures, rainfall, humidity, sunlight, and organic cycles year. Integrated bio-cycle farming system (IBFS) can become a new superhero sector of the national economy in managing the community-based, superior land (soil, water, air) and biological (animal, plant, and human) resources (Agus, 2018). Farmers who are food producers, which make up 70% of Indonesia's population, are highly dependent on the food industry. The strategic efforts towards food sovereignty of the Government of Indonesia through the Nawacita program are quite reasonable but are still conventional. Covid-19 and hydrometeorology disaster mitigation due to global climate change must be anticipated and mitigated. Modern nano-biotechnology is expected to be a big leap to produce food efficiently and effectively in the future. The government must also provide agricultural machinery technology assistance; subsidize agricultural inputs, price subsidies, tax exemptions, and agricultural insurance. Indonesia will be able to become a full food sovereignty country if agriculture as an integrated village development locomotive is managed from upstream to downstream synergistically and well.

Author(s): Cahyono Agus DK

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