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Spinal Cord

The spinal cord functions primarily in the transmission of nerve signals from the motor cortex to the body, and from the afferent fibres of the sensory neurons to the sensory cortex. It is also a centre for coordinating many reflexes and contains reflex arcs that can independently control reflexes. It is also the situation of groups of spinal interneurons that structure the neural circuits referred to as central pattern generators. These circuits are liable for controlling motor instructions for rhythmic movements like walking. The medulla spinalis is that the main pathway for information connecting the brain and peripheral system nervous. Much shorter than its shielding spinal column, the human spinal cord creates within the brainstem, passes through the foramen, and continues through to the conus medullaris near the second lumbar vertebra before terminating in a fibrous extension known as the filum terminal.

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