Journal of Diabetology

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Hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia refers to high levels of sugar, or glucose, within the blood. It occurs when the body doesn't produce or use enough insulin, which may be a hormone that absorbs glucose into cells to be used as energy.

High blood glucose may be a index of diabetes. If an individual with diabetes doesn't manage the sugar levels in their blood, they will develop a severe complication called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).

If an individual doesn't get treatment for ketoacidosis, they will fall under a Kussmaul's coma, which a dangerous complication of diabetes.

Most people will experience a rise in blood glucose levels after eating a strangely large high-glucose meal, but people that experience consistent hyperglycemia may have problems with producing or using insulin.

Insulin may be a hormone produced within the pancreas that permits cells to use glucose for generating energy and functioning normally. When insulin is low or in deficient rate, diabetes may develop.

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