Trends in Colorectal Disease and Surgery

Chlorella

Chlorella may be a genus of single-celled chlorophyte belonging to the Chlorophyta . it's spherical in shape, about 2 to 10 μm in diameter, and is without flagella. It contains the green photosynthetic pigments chlorophyll-a and -b in its chloroplast. In ideal conditions it multiplies rapidly, requiring only CO2 , water, sunlight, and alittle amount of minerals to breed .[1]

 

The name Chlorella is taken from the Greek χλώρος, chlōros/ khlōros, meaning green, and therefore the Latin diminutive suffix ella, meaning small. German biochemist and cell physiologist Otto Heinrich Warburg, awarded with the Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1931 for his research on cell respiration, also studied photosynthesis in Chlorella. In 1961, Calvin of the University of California received the Nobel prize in Chemistry for his research on the pathways of CO2 assimilation in plants using Chlorella.

 

Chlorella has been considered as a source of food and energy because its photosynthetic efficiency can reach 8%,[2] which exceeds that of other highly efficient crops like sugar cane.

 

 

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