INTERACTION IN PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES TO CONTROL PLANT REGENERATION AND IN VITRO DEVELOPMENT OF TULBAGHIA SIMMLERI
World Congress on PLANT GENOMICS AND PLANT SCIENCE
November 23-24 , 2018 | Bangkok ,Thailand
University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Posters & Accepted Abstracts : J Agric Sci Bot
The endogenous auxin and cytokinin contents of in vitro regenerated Tulbaghia simmleri maintained on applied plant growth regulators in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium were investigated using UHPLC-MS analysis. The highest number of shoots (27.6 per leaf) were produced in MS medium supplemented with 2.5 μM thidiazuron. A higher number of these shoots were rooted with 10 μM 6-(2-hydroxy-3-methylbenzylamino) purine (PI-55, cytokinin antagonist). Production of somatic embryos (SEs: 16.4 – 4.6, globular to cotyledonary stages) improved significantly with liquid MS medium containing 2.5 μM picloram, 2.5 μM phloroglucinol (PG) and 1.5 μM gibberellic acid or 1.5 μM PI-55 and 1.0 μM trans-zeatin. SEs (torpedo and cotyledonary stages) germinated (100%) in plant growth regulator free MS medium. The plantlets were acclimatized, and all survived in the greenhouse. Higher levels of endogenous auxin, 2-oxindole-3-acetic acid (oxIAA, 371.52 pmol/g DW) and indole-3-acetylaspartate (IAAsp, 141.56 pmol/g DW) were detected in shoots from PG treatments. The roots of garden-grown-mother plants possessed the highest level of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA, 630.54 pmol/g DW) and oxIAA (515.26 pmol/g DW). Cytokinins [CKs: trans-zeatin- O-glucoside (tZOG), cis-zeatin (cZ) and N6-isopentenyladenosine-5´-monophosphate (iPRMP)] levels were relatively high in shoots and roots of plantlets in vitro. However, PI-55 treatments influenced the development of plantlets promoting a higher biosynthesis level of iPRMP (418.06 pmol/g DW in root) and cZRMP (904.61 pmol/g DW in roots and 1427.83 pmol/g DW in shoots). The reported protocol highlights the significance of exogenous and endogenous hormonal effects on large-scale production of in vitro plant development and improves the understanding of physiological processes of CK metabolism, signalling and transport in in vitro development.