ENVIRONMENTAL AND FAMILIAL FACTORS IN DRUG USE AMONG COMMERCIAL DRIVERS IN SUBURBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT
Joint Event on World Congress on EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PUBLIC HEALTH & International Conference on TROPICAL MEDICINE, INFECTIOUS DISEASES & PUBLIC HEALTH
December 12 -13 , 2018 | Abu Dhabi ,UAE
Elaheh Ainy and Hamid soori
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Posters & Accepted Abstracts : Arch Gen Intern Med
Environmental and family factors play an important role in the use of drugs among drivers of public transport. A study was conducted in 2013 on the lack of accurate statistics on the environmental and family factors behind the use of drugs by drivers. Overall, 1176 drivers of buses, mini-buses, vans, all kinds of trucks, and cars were randomly selected proportionately according to the type of vehicles. The capture-recapture sampling method was used to determine the prevalence rate of drug use among commercial drivers. Trained experts collected data regarding the environmental and family factors behind the use of addictive drugs. Urine samples of the participating drivers were taken at police checkpoints. Urinalysis was performed by the Rapid Test method (ACON, San Diego, USA). The mean age of the subjects was 39.9 ± 9.7 years. The results of the experiment were positive in 14.1% of the drivers. A significant difference observed between addicted and non-addicted drivers related to cold and heat (P <0.001) and lack of facilities (P = 0.006) as the most influencing factors. The most important environmental factor was family poverty (P <0.001), followed by marital status and its problems (P = 0.002), a large number of children (P = 0.006), and family disputes (P = 0.012). A family history of addiction was 2.5 times more among addicted drivers. Prevalence of addiction was 14.1%. Among the environmental factors, cold and heat, lack of facilities, family factors, and a family history of addiction greatly influenced addiction.