Opinion Article - Journal of Nutrition and Human Health (2023) Volume 7, Issue 2
The importance of physical activity for maintaining overall health and wellnessPaolo Gloria*
Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Therapy, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
- *Corresponding Author:
- Paolo Gloria
Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Therapy
University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Received: 01-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. AAJNHH-23-99253; Editor assigned: 03-Mar-2023, Pre QC No. AAJNHH-23-99253(PQ); Reviewed: 17-Mar-2023, QC No. AAJNHH-23-99253; Revised: 20-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. AAJNHH-23-99253(R); Published: 27-Mar-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aajnhh-7.2.137
Citation: Gloria P. The importance of physical activity for maintaining overall health and wellness. J Nutr Hum Health.2023;7(2):137
Physical activity is an essential component of a healthy lifestyle, with numerous benefits for overall health and wellness. This article explores the scientific evidence supporting the importance of physical activity for maintaining optimal health and preventing chronic diseases. We also discuss the recommended levels of physical activity for different age groups and populations, as well as practical strategies for incorporating physical activity into daily life.
Physical activity is a fundamental aspect of human physiology and an essential component of overall health and wellness. Engaging in regular physical activity has been linked to a wide range of physical, mental, and social health benefits, including reduced risk of chronic diseases, improved cardiovascular and metabolic health, enhanced cognitive function, and improved mood and quality of life .
Benefits of physical activity: Regular physical activity is associated with numerous health benefits, including reduced risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer. Physical activity can also improve cardiovascular and metabolic health, including reduced blood pressure and cholesterol levels, improved insulin sensitivity, and improved endothelial function . Additionally, physical activity has been shown to enhance cognitive function, including improved memory, attention, and executive function, and may reduce the risk of dementia and cognitive decline. Physical activity also has a positive impact on mental health, reducing the risk of depression and anxiety, and improving mood, self-esteem, and quality of life .
Recommended levels of physical activity: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that adults engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity, or at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, per week, in addition to musclestrengthening activities on at least two days per week. Children and adolescents should engage in at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day. Older adults should engage in regular physical activity to maintain mobility and functional ability, with particular emphasis on activities that improve balance and flexibility .
Strategies for incorporating physical activity: There are many practical strategies for incorporating physical activity into daily life, including walking or biking to work or school, participating in organized sports or exercise classes, using stairs instead of elevators, taking active breaks during the workday, and engaging in household chores or gardening. It is important to choose activities that are enjoyable and sustainable over the long-term, and to gradually increase the duration and intensity of physical activity over time .
Physical activity is a fundamental aspect of human health and wellness, with numerous benefits for physical, mental, and social health. Regular physical activity is essential for preventing chronic diseases, improving cardiovascular and metabolic health, enhancing cognitive function, and improving mood and quality of life. By incorporating physical activity into daily life and adhering to recommended guidelines, individuals can optimize their health and well-being and reduce the risk of chronic diseases and other health problems.
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