Journal of Intensive and Critical Care Nursing

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (629)348-3199

Perspective - Journal of Intensive and Critical Care Nursing (2022) Volume 5, Issue 6

Recent advancements in pediatric cardiac surgical procedures.

Rick N. Flacking*

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

*Corresponding Author:
Rick N. Flacking
Department of Pediatrics
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, United States

Received: 18-Nov-2022, Manuscript No. AAICCN-22- 84835; Editor assigned: 21-Nov-2022, PreQC No. AAICCN-22- 84835(PQ); Reviewed:0 5-Dec-2022, QC No. AAICCN-22- 84835; Revised:13-Dec-2022, Manuscript No. AAICCN-22- 84835(R); Published: 16-Dec-2022, DOI:10.35841/aaiccn-5.6.128

Citation: Flacking RN. Recent advancements in pediatric cardiac surgical procedures. J Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2022;5(6):128

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Intensive and Critical Care Nursing


The paediatric cardiac surgery section is separate from the department of Cardiovascular and thoracic surgery, with its own theatre, ICU, and ward, and treats the complete range of congenital heart problems in children and adults. A high majority of appendectomy, hernia, cholecystectomy, and orchiopexy operations in children are performed by general surgeons and paediatric specialty surgeons. The most common minimally invasive method for cardiac surgery is a valve operation, which includes either a valve repair or a valve replacement. These are usually done through the side of the chest, a small incision over the breastbone, or even with robotic help. Cardiovascular surgery, often known as cardiac surgery or heart surgery, refers to any surgical treatment involving the heart or the blood arteries that transport blood to and from the heart.


Intensive care units, Cardiovascular surgery, ICU, Pediatric cardiac surgery, Nursing.


Patients seen by paediatric interventional cardiologists and cardiac surgeons frequently have unmet medical device demands, which complicates the present regulatory examination and approval procedure in the United States. We evaluate existing US Food and Drug Administration regulatory processes, explain some specific elements of paediatric cardiology and cardiac surgery that pose obstacles to these systems, and suggest prospective alternate pathways to cardiac device evaluation and approval for children in this study. Children need to benefit from new and improved cardiac devices and technology that are specifically suited for their problems [1].

Although ethical behaviour has long been strongly ingrained in surgical culture, it has only recently become an essential component of cardiac surgical practise. In our previous review, we discussed a variety of topics, including informed consent, conflict of interest, professional self-regulation, and innovation, among many others. This update addresses various themes of relevance to cardiac surgeons and cardiologists, with a focus on difficult issues particular to cardiothoracic surgical practise: informed consent, hospital relations, euthanasia, and physician-assisted suicide. The future of cardiac surgical practise, research, and culture is fraught with ambiguity, and we present an update on ethical issues to serve as a springboard for imagining what is to come [2].

Determining the primary complications that lead to death following juvenile cardiac surgical operations may provide options for mortality reduction. The authors of this study examined all deaths at two paediatric cardiac surgery programmes and devised a strategy for identifying the major complications and mechanisms of death. All cases of in-hospital mortality that met the inclusion criteria were abstracted by trained nurses. In each case, an adjudication committee assigned a seminal difficulty. Seminal complications were classified according to their mode of death. The epidemiology of seminal complications as well as the mechanism of mortality were discussed [3].

The goal was to design a method, anticipate and assess its performance, and reduce the number of elective cardiac procedures that are postponed due to a shortage of available cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) capacity. The model was then used to investigate options for reducing postponements of CICU cases through better scheduling of multipurpose space. Five different scenarios were simulated. When a multifunctional procedure room was used, simulated elective procedure postponements were reduced [4].

Using sophisticated case-mix adjustment and a nationwide clinical database, we attempted to investigate the relationship between paediatric cardiac surgery volume and mortality. The association was most obvious for challenging operations when volume was examined as a categorical variable. Small programmes, on the other hand, fared much worse for demanding procedures. The unfavourable relationship between juvenile cardiac surgery volume and death grew more significant as case complexity increased. Although volume was not related to mortality in low-complexity instances, lower-volume programmes performed worse than bigger programmes as case complexity grew. As part of national quality-improvement efforts, the STS administer the provider-led voluntary cardiac surgery clinical database [5].


Early postoperative problems developed, and systemic circulatory failure was the most likely cause of mortality. Our classification system is anticipated to be scalable for future multicenter analysis to better understand cause-specific mortality variation across hospitals and to drive quality improvement. This article discusses how to simulate and assess a big academic paediatric and test cardiology centre using discrete event simulation (DES). We can test planned improvements in complex situations, such as paediatric cardiac care, using simulation. Rearranging schedules of current multipurpose capacity is expected to reduce postponements of cardiac procedures needing CICU care, and these reductions appear to be realistic in the real world following implementation.


  1. Beekman RH 3rd, Duncan BW, Hagler DJ, et al.Medication errors and drug knowledge gaps among critical-care nurses: a mixed multi-method study.Pediatrics. 2009;124(1):e155-62.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Sade RM, Kavarana MNSurgical ethics: Today and tomorrow. Future Cardiol. 2017;13(6):567-78.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Gaies M, Pasquali SK, Donohue JE, et al. Seminal postoperative complications and mode of death after pediatric cardiac surgical procedures. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016;102(2):628-35.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Day TE, Sarawgi S, Perri A, et al. Reducing postponements of elective pediatric cardiac procedures: analysis and implementation of a discrete event simulation model. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015;99(4):1386-91.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Welke KF, O'Brien SM, Peterson ED, et al. The complex relationship between pediatric cardiac surgical case volumes and mortality rates in a national clinical database. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;137(5):1133-40.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App