Journal of Intensive and Critical Care Nursing

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Perspective - Journal of Intensive and Critical Care Nursing (2022) Volume 5, Issue 5

Patient- and family centered care intervention in hospital counseling unit.

Ramakrishna Gangatima*

Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India

*Corresponding Author:
Ramakrishna Gangatima
Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Jodhpur, India
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: 14-Sept-2022, Manuscript No. AAICCN-22-82495; Editor assigned:16-Sept-2022, PreQC No. AAICCN-22-82495(PQ); Reviewed:23 -Sept-2022, QC No. AAICCN-22-82495; Revised:07-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. AAICCN-22-82495(R); Published: 10-Oct-2022, DOI: 10.35841/aaiccn-5.5.122

Citation: Gangatima R. Patient- and family centered care intervention in hospital counseling unit. J Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2022;5(5):122

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Abstract

Patient- and family-centered care is an approach to health care planning, delivery, and assessment based on mutually beneficial collaborations between health care providers, patients, and families. To address the increased prevalence of NCDs, evidence-based policies and techniques to reduce morbidity and mortality rates are required; yet, adopting and evaluating such policies and processes presents significant challenges. The process of moving certain jobs to health workers with less training and qualifications is known as task-shifting. A task-shifting policy can only be successful if appropriate skill training, clearly defined roles, adequate evaluation, expanded training capacity, and adequate health worker incentives are provided. Promotes family caregiving and decision-making respects patient and family choices and their values, beliefs, and cultural origins builds on individual and family strengths involve.

Introduction

Many professional health care organisations have endorsed patient-centered and family-centered care (PFCC). Although it is variously defined, PFCC is a care strategy that respects and responds to the choices, needs, and values of individual patients and their families. Family visits, family-centered rounds, family attendance during invasive operations and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and family conferences have all been studied in the paediatric intensive care unit. Although there are obstacles to successful adoption, a growing body of research demonstrates that PFCC benefits patients, families, and staff [1].

Communication is how humans make sense of their surroundings. Communication is a two-way interactive process or interaction that involves two or more individuals and can occur through nonverbal, vocal, face-to-face, or non-face-to-face techniques. When the sender of a message communicates their message in a way that conveys the intent of their message and is subsequently understood by the recipient of the message, this is known as effective communication. A shared meaning is generated between both the sender and the receiver of the message as a result of their conversation. As a result, communication might be considered as a two-way street. The phrases communication and interaction are used interchangeably in the medical literature. The most common major cause of errors and bad outcomes in health care is a breakdown in communication between practitioners. Communication is an important aspect in patient satisfaction and care complaints. Communication is critical to service excellence in all service professions, including health care. Within healthcare, quality care has been defined by the Institute of Medicine as care that is safe, effective, timely, efficient, equitable and patient-centred. Patient-centered care is defined as treatment that is respectful of and attentive to individual patient choices, needs and values, and ensuring that patient's values lead all clinical decisions. Patient-centered care comprises the individual experiences of a patient, the clinical service, the organisational and regulatory layers of health care [2].

Transitioning care from the hospital to the home is important to the long-term viability of our health-care system. Ineffective care transitions can be caused by a high rate of post-discharge adverse events, poor communication with patients, and/or insufficient information transfer from the hospital to the home. These factors can result in fragmented care, high readmission rates, more visits, and, ultimately, poor patient outcomes. Despite health care organisations' continual efforts to improve, the impact of person- and family-centered care transition interventions on the quality of care and the patient experience is unknown. After a two-step screening procedure, data will be extracted, summarised, and reported, including the entire reference, objectives, target population, description of the intervention and control intervention, outcome measures, design, duration of post-intervention follow-up period, and research findings. The risk of bias and the quality of the studies will also be evaluated [3].

Smoking-related disorders account for a significant share of hospital admissions. This research describes the attitudes and practises of a group of hospital-based nurses toward smoking cessation counselling. The vast majority of nurses do not counsel smokers. Counseling methods differ depending on the nurse's smoking status. Lack of counselling training and physician refusal to use nurses in this role are two barriers to expanded nursing participation in counselling efforts [4].

Adverse drug events caused by preventable prescription errors can cause patient morbidity and mortality, as well as financial costs to the healthcare system. Medication reconciliation can help to improve communication and prevent medication errors during care transitions. Examine the influence of a pharmacist's medication reconciliation and counselling intervention for medical patients on clinical outcomes 30 days following discharge. A randomised controlled trial comparing standard care to a pharmacist-led intervention that included medication reconciliation on admission and discharge, a medication review, bedside medication counselling, and a take-home medication list. During the stay, medication inconsistencies were detected and resolved. Clinical outcomes were assessed through the evaluation of electronic health data and phone interviews [5].

Conclusion

The purpose of this systematic review is to critically assess the body of data regarding the usefulness of person- and family-centered care transition interventions on the quality of care, and the experience of patients. The evidence base for person- and family-centered care transition treatments will be summarised and presented in this systematic review. This study will also provide guidance for future research and establish the framework for more empirical investigations on person- and family-centered care transitions.

References

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  7. Goldstein AO, Hellier A, Fitzgerald S, et al. Hospital nurse counseling of patients who smoke. Am J Public Health. 1987;77(10):1333-4.
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