Archives of Industrial Biotechnology

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (629)348-3199

Opinion Article - Archives of Industrial Biotechnology (2023) Volume 7, Issue 2

Industrial Enzymes: Revolutionizing Manufacturing Processes

Veena More*

Department of Biotechnology, Sapthagiri College of Engineering, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Corresponding Author:
Veena More
Department of Biotechnology
Sapthagiri College of Engineering
Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Email id:

Received: 22-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. AAAIB-23-106940; Editor assigned: 24-Mar-2023, PreQC No. AAAIB-23-106940(PQ); Reviewed: 07-Apr-2023, QC No. AAAIB-23-106940; Revised: 10-Apr-2023, Manuscript No. AAAIB-23-106940(R); Published: 17-Apr-2023, DOI:10.35841/aaaib-7.2.138

Citation: More V. Industrial enzymes: Revolutionizing manufacturing processes. J Arch Ind Biot. 2023;7(2):138

Visit for more related articles at Archives of Industrial Biotechnology


Industrial enzymes play a pivotal role in various manufacturing sectors, revolutionizing the way products are made. These specialized proteins, derived from microorganisms or produced through genetic engineering, have found widespread application across industries such as food and beverages, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and biofuels. Their unique ability to catalyze chemical reactions at mild conditions has significantly improved production efficiency, reduced energy consumption, and minimized environmental impact. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of industrial enzymes and their diverse applications.

Understanding enzymes

Enzymes are biological catalysts that facilitate chemical reactions without being consumed in the process. They are typically proteins that possess a specific three-dimensional structure, enabling them to bind to substrates and convert them into desired products. Enzymes are highly selective, promoting specific reactions while inhibiting others. This specificity is due to the precise arrangement of atoms within their active sites, where the chemical reaction takes place [1].

Types of industrial enzymes

Industrial enzymes can be classified into several categories based on their applications. Some of the most commonly used types include:

Amylases: These enzymes break down starch into simpler sugars and find extensive use in the food industry for producing sweeteners, syrups, and maltodextrins.

Proteases: Proteases catalyze the hydrolysis of proteins, facilitating their breakdown into amino acids. They are employed in industries like detergent manufacturing, leather processing, and food production.

Lipases: Lipases act on fats and oils, breaking them down into glycerol and fatty acids. They are utilized in food processing, biodiesel production, and detergent formulations [2].

Cellulases: Cellulases degrade cellulose, the main component of plant cell walls, into glucose. They have applications in the textile industry, where they help in bio-polishing and fabric desizing.

Pectinases: Pectinases are enzymes that break down pectin, a complex polysaccharide found in plant cell walls. They are extensively used in fruit juice production, wine-making, and the textile industry

Applications of industrial enzymes

Food and beverages: The food industry heavily relies on enzymes for various processes. Enzymes help improve bread texture, clarify fruit juices, tenderize meat, enhance flavor, and prolong shelf life. They are also crucial in the production of cheese, beer, and wine.

Textile industry: Enzymes have transformed the textile sector by replacing harsh chemicals and mechanical processes. Enzymatic treatments aid in bio-scouring, bio-polishing, and stone-washing, providing a more sustainable and efficient approach to fabric processing.

Biofuels: Enzymes have enabled the production of biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel. Enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass, facilitated by cellulases, has become a key step in biofuel production, offering an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuels [3].

Pharmaceuticals: Enzymes are used extensively in pharmaceutical manufacturing, particularly in the production of antibiotics, vaccines, and therapeutic proteins. Enzymatic reactions allow for precise control over chemical transformations, ensuring high yields and purity of the final products.

Environmental Applications: Enzymes play a crucial role in environmental remediation processes. They are utilized in wastewater treatment plants to break down organic pollutants, facilitating the removal of harmful substances from water sources.

Advantages of industrial enzymes

Increased efficiency: Enzymes accelerate reactions, enabling faster production rates and reduced cycle times. This leads to increased productivity and cost savings.

Specificity: Enzymes exhibit high specificity towards their substrates, resulting in selective reactions and minimizing the formation of unwanted by-products. This specificity allows for more precise control over the manufacturing process

Mild reaction conditions: Enzymes function under mild conditions of temperature, pH, and pressure, reducing the need for energy-intensive processes. This not only lowers energy consumption but also minimizes the risk of thermal degradation of sensitive compounds [4].

Environmentally friendly: Enzymatic processes are environmentally sustainable as they require fewer chemicals and generate less waste compared to traditional manufacturing methods. Enzymes can be derived from renewable sources, further contributing to a greener approach.

Challenges and future prospects

Despite the numerous advantages, there are certain challenges associated with industrial enzyme applications. One major hurdle is the cost of enzyme production, as some enzymes can be expensive to produce on a large scale. Additionally, enzyme stability and shelf life are critical factors that need to be addressed to ensure their efficacy throughout the manufacturing process.

In the future, advancements in genetic engineering and enzyme optimization techniques are expected to further enhance enzyme performance and reduce production costs. The discovery of novel enzymes from extremophilic organisms could also expand the range of applications and improve overall efficiency [5].


Industrial enzymes have revolutionized manufacturing processes across a wide range of industries, offering numerous benefits such as increased efficiency, specificity, and environmental sustainability. From food production to pharmaceuticals and biofuels, enzymes have become indispensable tools in modern manufacturing. As technology continues to advance, the application of industrial enzymes is likely to expand, paving the way for more sustainable and efficient production methods.


  1. Mohandass C, Raghukumar C. Biological deinking of inkjet-printed paper using Vibrio alginolyticus and its enzymes.  J Ind Microbiol Biot. 2005;32(9):424-9.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Tatsumi D, Higashihara T, Kawamura SY, et al. Ultrasonic treatment to improve the quality of recycled pulp fiber. J Wood Sci. 2000;46:405-9.
  4. Google Scholar

  5. Vila C, Barneto AG, Fillat A, et al. Use of thermogravimetric analysis to monitor the effects of natural laccase mediators on flax pulp. Bioresour  Technol. 2011;102(11):6554-61.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Barrozo A, Borstnar R, Marloie G, et al. Computational protein engineering: bridging the gap between rational design and laboratory evolution. Int J Mol Sci. 2012;13(10):12428-60.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Ben Ali M, Khemakhem B, Robert X, et al. Thermostability enhancement and change in starch hydrolysis profile of the maltohexaose-forming amylase of Bacillus stearothermophilus US100 strain. Biochem J. 2006;394(1):51-6.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App