Journal of Intensive and Critical Care Nursing

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Short Communication - Journal of Intensive and Critical Care Nursing (2022) Volume 5, Issue 3

Echocardiogram stabilization method designed to compensate for unwanted auxilliary motion particularly in ICU patients.

Abraham Rodin Y*

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Lakeridge Health, Lakeridge/Durham Clinical Hub, Queen's University, Ontario, Canada

*Corresponding Author:
Abraham Rodin Y
Department of Critical Care Medicine
Lakeridge Health, Lakeridge/Durham Clinical Hub
Queen's University, Ontario, Canada
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: 09-Jun-2022, Manuscript No. AAICCN-22-67530; Editor assigned: 11-Jun-2022, PreQC No. AAICCN-22-67530(PQ); Reviewed: 24-Jun-2022, QC No AAICCN-22-67530; Revised: 27-Jun-2022, Manuscript No. AAICCN-22-67530(R); Published: 30-Jun-2022, DOI:10.35841/aaiccn-5.3.115

Citation: Rodin AY. Echocardiogram stabilization method designed to compensate for unwanted auxilliary motion particularly in ICU patients. J Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2022;5(3):115

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Abstract

Cardiac echocardiography is a non-invasive examination that gives vital cardiac function data to the clinical team. This functional data is required to care for patients with a wide range of pathologies and is utilised to diagnose a variety of disorders. This exercise examines echocardiography technique features such as pertinent anatomy, clinical reasons, and potential limits, as well as the role of an interprofessional team in caring for patients who require this important diagnostic test. Echocardiography stabilisation method intended to compensate for undesired auxiliary motion. Due to a variety of reasons, echocardiograms contain both deformable and nearly stiff heart motion. This approach aims to stabilise the video while maintaining the informative deformable heart motion. Our method includes synchronised side information from Electrocardiography (ECG), which serves as a surrogate for cardiac phase. To eliminate the computational cost of pairwise alignment, we present an efficient key frame selection technique expressed as a submodular optimization problem. We quantify our method on synthetic data and show that it is useful as a pre-processing step for two popular echocardiography applications: denoising and left ventricle segmentation. Pre-processing with our method enhanced performance in both situations when compared to no pre-processing or other alignment approaches.

Keywords

ICU, Cardiac echocardiography, Auxilliary motion, Cardiovascular responses.

Introduction

Acclimatisation or acclimatisation to heat improves circulatory stability by sustaining cardiac output due to compensatory increases in stroke volume. The primary goal of this investigation was to see if 2D Transthoracic Echocardiography (TTE) could demonstrate variations in resting echocardiographic parameters before and after active Heat Acclimation (HA). A resting blinded TTE before and after randomization to controlled hyperthermia exertional heat exposures. Heart rate, stomach temperature, skin temperature, sweat loss, Total Non-Urinary Fluid Loss (TNUFL), plasma volume, and participant evaluations of perceived effort were all used to calculate HA. Cardiovascular responses to HA appear to be mediated primarily by increases in preload and ventricular compliance. TTE is an effective method for demonstrating and quantifying cardiac HA [1].

Natural myocardial markers, or speckles, derived from the constructive and destructive interference of ultrasound in tissues, may aid in the early detection of myocardial alterations and the prediction of certain cardiac events. Speckles may be monitored by specialist software during the cardiac cycle because to their relative temporal stability, allowing monitoring of systolic and diastolic function. They are recognised using either traditional 2D grey scale or 3D echo, which confers independence of insonation angle and therefore allows examination of cardiac mechanics in three spatial planes: longitudinal, circumferential, and radial [2].

To demonstrate and evaluate an automated nonrigid image registration framework that adjusts motion in cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) perfusion series and auxiliary pictures recorded under a variety of settings to aid in the assessment of myocardial perfusion. In terms of correlation coefficient, our technique greatly enhanced frame-to-frame visual consistency compared to raw series. The proposed universal system can perform the critical step of motion correction prior to pixel-wise cardiac MR perfusion quantification. It may be applied to a broad variety of perfusion series and auxiliary pictures with varying acquisition conditions [3].

Echocardiography is a common and low-cost medical imaging treatment used to diagnose heart abnormalities. Echocardiography movies are collected from numerous angles termed views to provide standard images/videos of the various chambers of the heart. The automatic categorization of these perspectives enables for speedier diagnosis and analysis. In this paper, we propose a representation for echo films that encompasses the motion profile of various chambers and valves and aids in successful view categorization. This range of motion profiles is reflected in a large Gaussian mixture model known as the Universal Motion Profile Model (UMPM). A component analysis-based decomposition of the UMPM means is used to extract just the relevant motion profiles for each view. This produces a low-dimensional representation known as a Motion Profile Vector (MPV), which captures the characteristic motion signature for a certain perspective. A dataset for evaluating the MPVs. We show that motion profile vectors outperform other spatiotemporal representations. Furthermore, motion profile vectors may accurately categorise even badly shot films, demonstrating the resilience of the proposed format [4].

Echocardiography is a common and inexpensive medical imaging treatment used to identify heart abnormalities. Echocardiography movies are collected from multiple angles termed views to provide standard images/videos of the various chambers of the heart. The automatic categorization of these images speeds up diagnosis and analysis. In this paper, we propose an echo video representation that encompasses the motion profile of various chambers and valves and aids in successful view categorization [5].

Conclusion

The goals of this work are to examine the relevance and meaning of cardiac strain derived by speckle tracking during cardiac physiology evaluations, as well as clinical uses of this unique echocardiographic technology. As a result, we believe that learning-based motion estimates can help to expand the use of strain imaging in clinical practise.

References

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