Opinion Article - Archives of Industrial Biotechnology (2022) Volume 6, Issue 6
Biotechnological advancement generates large compounds from waste biomass.
Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, Technical University Iasi, 700050 Iasi, Romania
- *Corresponding Author:
- Maria Chisti
Department of Environmental Engineering and Management
Technical University Iasi
700050 Iasi, Romania
Received: 27-Nov-2022, Manuscript No. AAAIB-22-84451; Editor assigned:29-Nov-2022, PreQC No. AAAIB-22-84451(PQ); Reviewed:08-Dec-2022, QC No. AAAIB-22-84451; Revised:14-Dec-2022, Manuscript No. AAAIB-22-84451(R); Published: 21-Dec-2022, DOI:10.35841/aainm-6.2.106
Citation: Chisti M. Biotechnological advancement generates large compounds from waste biomass. Arch Ind Biot. 2022;6(6):127
Researchers who were able to streamline the process of turning waste materials into high-value compounds have helped to advance the transition to a more sustainable bio-based economy. Waste sugar cane and wheat straw from agricultural processes can be converted straight into valuable compounds with a 5000-fold increase in value, according to research from the UK and Brazil. Biofuels, as opposed to fossil fuels, are renewable. Rather of relying on the limited supply of crude oil. In contrast to fossil fuels, the economics of manufacturing biofuels are now quite difficult. The new discovery shows that high-value chemicals may be made from waste biomass in a single "one-pot" method, including molecules for the food sector and precursors for human therapeutic medications. This new benefit has the potential to increase the economic viability of producing ethanol from plant-based sources . Currently, burning is done with this agricultural byproduct rather than recycling. Additionally, the new process has the potential to add value to the production of biofuels from plants, particularly from sugarcane and wheat straw, both of which are widely available in Brazil and the UK, respectively. Fine chemicals currently derived from petrochemical sources are an alternative route provided by the new process. The chemical building blocks are utilised to create commonplace goods like fabric softener, air fresheners, food flavours, life-saving medications, and novel therapeutic candidates that are currently undergoing clinical trials . This novel technology offers the ability to reduce environmental waste and add value to agro-industrial wastes by combining biodegradation and biotransformation to produce high value fine chemicals from waste plant biomass. For the first time, an international team of scientists has shown how to produce coniferol, a versatile chemical building block, straight from biomass made of dry plant material. Following the highly efficient release and conversion of ferulic acid into coniferol by biocatalytic treatment of the waste plant material. By taking place in a single vessel, the entire process can be quite inexpensive .
Policy and regulation, which are in turn affected by worries about finite petrochemical feed supply and environmental effects, are driving the transition to a circular bio-economy. Alternative bio-based tactics must yet overcome significant scientific and bioprocessing obstacles if they are to compete with current methods. In order to efficiently produce high-value chemical building blocks from low-value waste biomass, a combined biodegradation-biotransformation method is reported in this study . This strategy has the potential to reduce environmental waste and add value to agro-industrial wastes. Unstoppable human population increase resulted in enormous demand for everything. At the moment, an "all material synthesis" plan based on petroleum is what the world relies on the most. However, the depletion of fossil fuel supplies and their significant contribution to environmental pollution have compelled us to look for sustainable and environmentally benign substitute fuels. Utilizing waste biomass in this context has the potential to be advantageous for both the environment and the economy. This study was meticulously planned to objectively examine current best practises for turning waste biomass into goods with additional value . The current study mainly concentrated on new trends and prospective in this domain, despite the fact that substantial evaluations on biomass usage have been published in the recent years. Here, the potential of biomass on a global scale, research advancements and practises, unique biomass transformation methods, and prospective futures were extensively examined. More significantly, large-scale efforts on the valorization of waste biomass have been evaluated in addition to reviewing previously published research. In order to advance the search for a green economy, it is therefore thought that this study will provide essential information on the existing situation and potential future directions of waste biomass utilisation.
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