Journal of Nutrition and Human Health

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Mini Review - Journal of Nutrition and Human Health (2022) Volume 6, Issue 5

Benefits of parenteral nutrition versus enteral nutrition in medical nutrition therapy.

Ingrid Petra*

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Nutritional Physiology, University of Bonn, Nussallee 9, 53115, Bonn, Germany

*Corresponding Author:
Ingrid Petra
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Nutritional Physiology, University of Bonn
Nussallee 9, 53115, Bonn, Germany

Received: 04-May-2022, Manuscript No. AAJNHH-22-64603; Editor assigned: 06-May-2022, Pre QC No. AAJNHH-22-64603(PQ); Reviewed: 20-May-2022, QC No. AAJNHH-22-64603; Revised: 24-May-2022, Manuscript No. AAJNHH-22-64603(R); Published: 27-May-2022, DOI: 10.35841/aajnhh-6.5.123

Citation: Petra I. Benefits of parenteral nutrition versus enteral nutrition in medical nutrition therapy. J Nutr Hum Health. 2022;6(5):123

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Nutritional support treatment is an effective part of treating diabetes and self-management education. However, there are many misunderstandings about diet and diabetic. Similarly, dietary prescriptions with no supportive evidence have and continue to be given to people with diabetes in medical care. As just a conclusion, this position paper provides proof principles and guidelines for diabetes medical nutrition therapy. A rationale for this position paper has been clarified inside the American Diabetes Association technical review. Scientific Evidence for Disease Treatment and Prevention and Diabetic Complications passes over the scientific literature for every concept and suggestion in particular [1].

Mellitus health care nutrient therapeutic objectives

As minimize or reduce the risk of diabetes complications, keep blood sugar levels in check range or even as near to usual as is possible. A blood lipids composition that reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke. Levels of heart rate that reduce the risk of endothelial dysfunction Diabetic persistent repercussions should be prevented and treated. Overweight, cholesterol, heart disease, hypertension, and retinopathy can all be prevented or treated by changing food intake and activity. Improve your overall health by eating right and exercising regularly.

Preventive medical treatment for particular circumstances

Several terminology sugar, starches, or cellulose are preferred for discussing popular food carbohydrate. Simple sugars, complex carbs, and quickly carbohydrates are all ill-defined terms which should be ignored [2]. Group of healthy people and individuals at risk for diabetes reliable backup the importance of incorporating carb foods in diabetes' diet, especially entire grain, apples, veggies, especially reduced yogurt. Some factors influencing the glycaemic index to foodstuffs includes waking and pre-prandial glucose level, the severity of hyperglycaemia, as well as the first meal and lente effect of carbohydrates [3]. But, if an intake of carbohydrates eaten was similar, ingestion of a range of grains or sugar, either acutely and also for up to six weeks, showed no significant differences in glycaemic index in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetic. Overall results of research in controlled settings versus studies on free-living subjects are similar. As just a result, overall total intake of carbohydrates eaten in meals and snacks will contribute more than origin or type. During mass diets, substituting carbohydrates to unsaturated fat reduces nocturnal glycaemic and triglyceridemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. Conversely, increased fat intake in ad libitum meals is believed to promote excess weight. As just a result, depending on nutritional assessment, metabolism profile, and care plan, the contribution of carbohydrates and monounsaturated to caloric intake must be adjusted.

Supplement refers to glycaemic load

Most available studies evaluating low glycaemic diets with high glycaemic diets in people with type 1 diabetes need not demonstrate a clear benefit. Research evaluating glycaemic index and high glycaemic diets for patients with type 2 diabetes revealed any significant improvements in Glycated haemoglobin, fogassi, or serum glucose. Low - glycaemic meals offer mixed effects on triglycerides as contrasted to high glycaemic meals. Due to the fact of various carbohydrates exhibit distinct glucose response, these data show zero clear trends for result benefits. When lengthy effects on glycaemic and triglycerides are evident, these seem to be modest. Moreover, the number of studies is restricted, and many of these researches have indeed been criticised for its formulation and construction [4].

Fibre content

Diabetics, like the general public, are encouraged to eat a variety of ?bres foods, including holistic grain, berries, and veggies, because they provide nutrients, enzymes, fibre, as well as other elements that really are essential for good health. Brief trials using large amounts of fibre in small numbers of type 1 diabetics revealed a beneficial impact on glycaemic. Essential to regulate and triglycerides have already had varied results in recent studies. In patients with type 2 diabetes, it seems that quite high carb consumption is obliged to offer metabolic benefits on glycaemic control, hepatic insulin, and blood triglycerides. This is unknown though most people will find the consumption and induced gastric adverse effects of fibre in this level tolerable [5].


Weight reductions with salt limitation were the focuses of nutritional support therapy in the treatment of hypertensive. Liquor, sodium, magnesium, and dietary preferences are among several variables that were considered. A reduced diet rich in sodium, calcium, and minerals which contains fruits and vegetables and reduced dairy products will modestly decrease blood pressure. Just a few researches have been carried exclusively in diabetic subjects.


  1. Cryer PE, Davis SN, Shamoon H. Hypoglycemia in diabetes. Diabetes care.2003;26(6):1902-12.
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  3. American Diabetes Association. American Diabetes Association: type 2 diabetes in children and    adolescents. Pediatrics.2000; 23(3):381-9.
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  5. Riegel C, Koop CE, Schwegman CW, et al. An evaluation of mixtures of ossein gelatin, hydrolyzed protein, and glucose in the parenteral nutrition of postoperative patients. Surgery. 1949;25(5):672-5.
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  7. Thibault R, Pichard C. Parenteral nutrition. World Rev Nutr Diet.2013;105:59–68
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  9. Fernandes G, Kaila B, Jeejeebhoy KN, et al. Canadian home parenteral nutrition (HPN) registry: validation and patient outcomes. J Parenter Enteral Nutr.2012;6:407-14.
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