Research Article - Journal of Child and Adolescent Health (2021) Volume 5, Issue 5
Using intervention mapping protocol to develop a school-based intervention to enhance self-management among adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Objective: To develop a school-based intervention to promote self-management among adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) aged 11 to 15. Method: This paper describes the development of a school-based intervention to enhance selfmanagement among adolescents with T1DM through the first four steps of the Intervention Mapping protocol (IMP). Interviews were conducted with adolescents with T1DM to gain more understanding of their needs to enhance their self-management in schools. The findings were used to guide and shape the intervention by applying (IMP). Health care professionals were interviewed to provide recommendations about the scientific content and relevancy of the developed intervention. Finally, data regarding the appropriateness and acceptability of the developed intervention’s content and materials were collected from adolescents with T1DM. Results: The data collected from the interviews have identified specific information that, if known by peers and teachers, can reduce some of the physical and psychosocial challenges and consequently improve self-management among adolescents with T1DM in a school setting. The findings were used to develop an animated video. The results also indicated that the content of the developed intervention was relevant and appropriate to be used in schools. Conclusion: The application of the IMP resulted in developing a well-informed evidence-based intervention, ready for pilot testing in the future that can enhance self-management in adolescents with T1DM in school settings.Author(s): Raya Al Habsi