Journal of Chemical Technology and Applications

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Short Communication - Journal of Chemical Technology and Applications (2020) Volume 3, Issue 6

Thermal Hydrogen: An Emissions Free Hydrocarbon Economy

Thermal Hydrogen offers a different perspective on free energy economy emissions where a chemical carrier fills electrical and hydrocarbons under intense decarbonization. This is done by using heat and electricity to separate water (or CO2) 3 to create hydrogen and pure oxygen .Thermal Hydrogen is an energy system designed to power hydrocarbons as both free gas and system carrier.y called Thermal Hydrogen has been developed to enable global economic formation. Thermal Hydrogen is an energy system in which electrical and / or thermal energy is used to separate water (or CO2) from the use of both byproducts: hydrogen as energy storage and pure oxygen as carbon dioxide. Important benefits of chemical energy carriers are stored for long-term storage capacity and extended range of electric vehicles. This reduces the need for more expensive assets for a completely limited energy economy: low carbon power plants and batteries. Pure oxygen compels the Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) gas separation process and enables hydrocarbons to operate in simpler, more efficient thermodynamic cycles Based on the principle of using both water-soluble (or CO2) products. : hydrogen (or CO) and oxygen. H2 (CO) facilitates chemical storage and is intended to provide heat, EV range, and timely / distributed electricity. The purpose of the (pure) oil oxygen is to extract the gas separation function that occurs in Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS). Pure oxygen also makes hydrocarbons more competitive with the decarbonization cycle because it enables simpler and more effective thermodynamic cycles: the Allam cycle of generating electricity and automated automation of hydrogen / syngas generation. The supply and presence of hydrocarbon-related chemicals also facilitates the release of hydrogen energy carriers. Methanol (CH3OH, found in syngas) is thought to act as a catalyst for fuel to be used in solid oxide cells. Leading water abstraction, carbonated water, is thought to be reconstructed and regenerated.Hydrogen is an attractive energy carrier. It can be generated from electricity as wellwater. Converting it into heat or energy is easy and clean. When combined with oxygen, hydrogen forms water. No pollutants are generated or emitted. The water isreturned to nature where it originally came from. But hydrogen, the most common chemical element on the planet, does not exist in nature in its pure form.It has tobe separated from chemical compounds, by electrolysis from water or bychemical processes from hydrocarbons or other hydrogen carriers. The electricity for the electrolysis may eventually come from clean renewable sources such assolar radiation, kinetic energy of wind and water or geothermal heat. Therefore, hydrogen may become an important link between renewable physical energy andchemical energy carriers Ammonia (NH3) is envisioned to replace natural gas and is produced via the Haber-Bosch process. The nitrogen comes from an air separation unit where the oxygen is used to enable emissions free hydrocarbons. Overall, 90% of the hydrocarbons in the system are oxidzed by oxygen from electrolysis. All chemical energy is stored and distributed as liquids, thus enabling the densest energy storage and distribution system possible.electricity is not storable, redundant power plant capacity is required to ensure that demand is supplied reliably. Typically, to meet reliability requirements, power plant capacity must exceed the expected peak demand by ~15%. Even if reliability were not required, “load following” generators with lower utilization rates are required due to the seasonal and diurnal demand for electricity. For example, coal and natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plants achieved utilization rates of only ~55% in the United States in 2015 .The overall utilization rate of U.S. power plant capacity in 2015was ~45%. The cost of underutilized capacity in the modern electricity system is reasonably contained by the low capital costs of unabated hydrocarbon power plants. Unabated hydrocarbon power plants tend to have higher marginal costs and lower capital costs. Decreasing their utilization does not have a dramatic effect on their average costs. For example, if an NGCC power plant reduced its utilization from 100% to 50%,the average cost of the power generated would increase by only ~20%

Author(s): Jared Moore

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