Short Article - Journal of Brain and Neurology (2018) Volume 1, Issue 2
The bacterial Neurological disorder: A mini-review
Background: Neuro infections have been demonstrated as the infectious aspect of neuro disorders, which caused a series of disabilities and even death. Treatments and rehabilitation expenditures of these disorders have played a significant role in the social and economic conditions of the community. Up to now, there hasn't existed this kind of mini-review study, which is concentrated on the etiology of these infections from published articles.
Methods: This manuscript attempts to collect the principal bacterial pathogens of neuro infections. As well as, this investigation mentioned the sections of tissues that the disorders and the symptoms of these illnesses were involved in.
Results: This mini-review was presented that meningitis is known as the inflammation of the meninges, which Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza type b, and Neisseria meningitides are the boldest pathogens. Following that, bacterial encephalitis could involve the brain parenchymas with the prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The brain abscess with Enterobacteriaceae as a current agent occurred in whole brain tissue. Also, in Alzheimer's disease, Gram-negative bacteria have dramatic effects. In the peripheral nervous system, Lyme disease is a zoonosis multi-systemic illness with the effect of Borrelia burgdorferi. Botulism and tetanus are diseases that lead to conquer the peripheral nervous system by respectively the Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium tetani toxins. These two diseases are often controlled by the vaccine, although many areas have inadequate coverage and after the accident does vaccination.
Conclusion: The bacteria can affect the different parts of the nervous system and lead to death, and painful complications such as brain stroke, dementia, seizure, fever, hearing loss, vomit, and many other hardships. Indeed, this manuscript aims to provide researchers with initiating a new insight into the causative agents of these bacterial diseases.Author(s): Mojgan Sheikhpour, Maryam Naghinejad, Maryam Ebrahimi Vargoorani and Vahid Amiri