Journal of Public Health and Nutrition

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Research Article - Journal of Public Health and Nutrition (2022) Volume 5, Issue 8

Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus based on demographic and risk factors among pregnant women attending clinics in Zaria Metropolis, Nigeria.

Chlamydia trachomatis also known as the “Silent Epidemic” is a major threat to the reproductive health of women and a possible silent cofactor in the heterosexual spread of HIV in Africa. This study was aimed at determining the seroprevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus among pregnant women attending clinics in Zaria metropolis, Kaduna State. Each participant completed a researcher-devised questionnaire and quasi design was used in the selection of hospitals. Subsequently about 5 mls of peripheral blood for serological analysis was obtained after informed consent. Screening for HIV was done using Determine® HIV 1/2 as well as Uni-GoldTM HIV Test Kits. Out of the two hundred and seventy (270) samples collected HIV occurred in 1(0.4%) of the total population. Similarly with HIV infection, significant association was found to exist with marital status and years spent in marriage among the women. Age, occupation, level of education, family type was not found to be significantly associated with HIV infection.

Author(s): Shango Patience Emmanuel Jakheng, Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu*

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