Research Article - Microbiology: Current Research (2019) Volume 3, Issue 1
Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in district Mardan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
The current study aims to confine the prevalence rate of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in suspected patients of district Mardan khaiber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It also aims to know about the pathogen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and their pathogenicity in the host, mainly in human population of the district Mardan, to catch out the mode of transmission in the population of the suspected areas. One of the objectives of the study is to make people aware about the prevention and complete their treatment. District Mardan is one of the huge district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan where the new and relapse cases of tuberculosis found in high rate. Which have a great negative effect on the population of district Mardan. The research work done on the prevalence of tuberculosis in district Mardan in the period of October, November and December 2017. The overall 980 samples were registered in the different hospitals of Mardan area and examined by the use of sputum smear microscopy. A questionnaire has filled to collect data from patients which were include age, sex, area, marital status, diet, economic status, home condition, education, close contact to TB patients, drugs and awareness. In the selected sample the positive patients were 340 (34.69%) in which male were less prevalence 31.89% and female were high prevalence 37.44% that show that female have high rate of TB as compare to male due to the lack of education, awareness, and some other factors. The current study show that high prevalence 37.13% found in those patient who have lived in rural areas because of muddy houses, lack of education and dust in the rural areas. It also confined that high prevalence 42.10% found in the age range of 55 and above. It is noted that 32.77% of the suffering patients who were uneducated. Conclusion: The examination report display that the TB infection is high in the population of the district Mardan. It is also observed that the female are mostly suffered as compared to male. Treatment charges were the financial distressful constrictions challenged by TB patients therefore the role of government must be positive to provide TB drugs and perform many seminars for the people awareness.