Journal of Bacteriology and Infectious Diseases

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Abstract - Journal of Bacteriology and Infectious Diseases (2020) Volume 4, Issue 3

Operational Efficiency of Urban Malaria Scheme in a District of Central Gujarat, India: An Evaluation Study

Improving the efficiency of the Malaria control program can help combat malaria in urban areas, which still remains a major public health problem in India, affecting all spheres of human life. Assessment of the overall functioning of Urban Malaria Scheme run by Municipal Corporation in a district of Central Gujarat, India, was carried out for over 8 months using a semi-structured instrument by observation, inspection, record review of blood smear examination and target examination rates and interviews of laboratory technicians (LT) and pharmacists. Two slide-positive individuals from each clinic and one community leader from each ward was interviewed regarding the functioning of malaria clinics. Though manpower was adequate at the 13 corporation dispensaries observed, there was lack of active surveillance in the urban areas. The basic infrastructure facilities were inadequate in half of the dispensaries and facilities for Blood Slide Collection and staining were found to be very poor. Radical treatment (RT) was found to be inadequate and unsupervised. Half of the community leaders were unaware about the availability of diagnostic facility for malaria at these dispensaries and had inadequate information about availability of RT.      Recommendations made: Vacant posts of LT    need to be filled up at the earliest; the laboratory dispensaries to be equipped with adequate space, basic infrastructure facilities, adequate logistics and supplies for Blood Slide Examination (BSE) need to be looked into. Attention needs to be paid to follow the active surveillance activities in cities, following monthly targets, distributing new malaria treatment guidelines and ensuring adequate RT. 

Author(s): Shobha Misra

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